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Тема 3.1. Выбор профессии

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Тема 3.1. Выбор профессии
Основные понятия и термины по теме:

а belt, а tank, а gear, а wire, а computer, а сар, technology, engineering

План изучения темы (перечень вопросов, обязательных к изучению):

  • Which job would а mechanics probably do?

  • Say the names of mechanical things that уоu use every day.

  • Education and training.

  • Duties and responsibilities.

  • The equipment used for repairing.

  • Safety оn the job.

Краткое изложение теоретических вопросов:

Profession What I would like to become? This question passes me greatly. Every job has its elements of difficulties and interest. I think that nearly all the professions are very important in life. But to choose the right occupation is very difficult, because we must take into consideration many factors. We must consider our personal taste and our kind of mind. It is beginning of a more serious examination. In order to pass that very serious exam we must choose the road in life which will help us best to live & work. Each boy & girl has every opportunity to develop mind & use knowledge & education received at school. Some may prefer to work in factories or works, others want to go into construction: to take part in building power stations and new towns. Many opportunities to work & to satisfy at the same time the requirements of the society and your own personal interest are offered in the sphere of the services transport, communications and many others. I have a specially liking for to become an engineer, I like this profession because it wants to help people applying my knowledge. Also I want to make good career. Whether profession we choose to follow the greatest pleasure will surely come from filling that your occupation is useful to people. ”Find a job you like & you’ll never have the work a day in your life”.

I am a third year student of the Oil Engineering Department of the Almetyevsk Polytechnical College. It is one of the largest professional educational establishment in our town. During the years of activity the faculty has trained many highly - qualified engineers. Such specialists are in great demand nowadays. The whole process of studying dеals with mastering new systems of oil engineering supply and progressive technology of using these systems.

The junior students are taught mathematics, physics, a foreign language (Eng­lish), chemistry, philosophy, computer processing of information. We attend lectures,do laboratory work and tests. We have quite a number of well - equipped laboratories at our disposal. The senior students study special subjects such as: Strength of Materi­als, Oil Engineering, Drilling Engineering, Industrial Physics, Economy and Organization of Production, Technical servicing, etc.

The fourth - year students combine their studies with their research work. We write course papers and graduated thesis on the scientific problems of our research work.

Many highly - qualified teachers work at the department, some of them have candidates degrees and scientific ranks.

According to the academic plan the fourth-year students are sent to work at dif­ferent plants and national oil companies.

During practice the students master the job of an oil-engineer and at the same time collect materials for their diploma papers.

The final and most important period in the student's life is the defence of the graduation work in the presence of the State Examining Board. All the graduates find work according to their speciality. We shall work at the drilling rigs, at oil refining plants or at indus­trial enterprises, at safety control inspections, at design and research institutions and laboratories. Besides, we are provided with everything necessary for a scientific ca­reer entering a post - graduate course. In a word we have a wide range of job oppor­tunities.
It's my job Му name's Ahmed Al-Sabah. I work for the Kuwait Oil Соmраnу. I'm а safety and environment officer. I work in Al Ahmadi, in Kuwait. I work closely with оur contractors. I help them to work safely and reduce environmental problems. I like my work. Every day, every week, is different. Last week, I worked оn а risk assessment with the operations and maintenance team. And I visited some construction sites with my manager. We talked to some of the workers. We explained the importance of health, safety, and the environment. It's а big responsibility, but everyone works together. We help each other.

Roustabouts are often the youngest people in a drilling crew. They clean, maintain, and move equipment and help the other workers. Roustabouts want better jobs, so they work hard, listen carefully, and learn fast. Roughnecks are like roustabouts, but they are more skilled. They work on the drilling floor. They connect the heavy drill pipes and put them into the hole, or they disconnect the pipes as they come up out of the hole. The derrickman works high up on the monkey board about 25 metres above the floor. He guides the top part of the drill pipe. At other times, he helps the mud engineer (or 'mud man'): he checks the mud and maintains the pump. The mud must not be too thick or too thin, and the pump must keep working. The driller supervises and trains the drilling crew, and

he controls the drilling equipment. For example, he operates the motor that lifts the drill pipes. He controls the speed of the drill, which must not be too fast or too slow. On very modern rigs, the driller sits in a special driller's chair. The chair has joystick controls and display screens - like a computer game. The rig manager or toolpusher is the most senior person in the drilling crew. He is usually the oldest and most experienced person too. He makes sure the crew has all the right equipment. He is responsible for their safety and for paperwork.

What does an instrument technician do? Well, offshore platforms have a lot of instruments and instrument systems - everything from simple gauges to electronic and computer systems. They're for measuring, recording, and controlling variables - variables like pressure, flow, temperature, level, and so on. In my job, I install, maintain, and repair these instruments. I inspect and test them regularly and adjust them if necessary. I test electrical circuits too. If there's a problem, I diagnose the problem and solve it.
Практические занятия

Моя будущая профессия. Моя семья. Выбор профессии. Профессии моих родителей.

Профессии нефтяной отрасли. Люди производства. Профессия техника-механика.
Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Подготовка доклада: «Моя специальность»

Форма контроля самостоятельной работы:

- устный опрос
Вопросы для самоконтроля по теме:

1. Do you study at the college?

2. Are you a student of the third year?

3. Do you study many subjects?

4. Did you pass your en­trance exams well?

5. Do you live in Tatarstan?

6. Do you live far from the college?

7. Is English your favourite subject?

8. Will you go to the lesson tomorrow?

9. Were your books taken from the li­brary?

10. Do you live in the hostel?

11.Which job would аn engineer probably do?

Тема 3.2. Нефтяное оборудование

Основные понятия и термины по теме:

oil field equipment, beam pumping unit, a pump, to divide into, to store, to rub

План изучения темы (перечень вопросов, обязательных к изучению):

  • Oil field equipment

  • Drilling rigs

  • Beam-pumping unit

  • Pumps

  • Types of pumps

Краткое изложение теоретических вопросов:

Each oil equipment company specializes in the sale and distribution of petroleum and lubrication equipment including parts and materials for the construction and maintenance of gas stations, convenience stores, auto service providers, dealerships, and petroleum & chemical handling facilities. Such companies can help you with projects such as repairing a pump, upgrading tanks, equipping your c-store, or building a new fueling system. Usually they supply different kinds of oilfield equipment including oilfield drilling equipment, oilfield drilling rigs, oilfield exploration equipment, oilfield workover equipment, and oilfield production equipment etc. Among oil field equipment there are drilling rigs, workover rigs, pumps, blowout preventers, rotary tables, hooks, drill pipes and drill collars and so on. Oil field equipment plays an important role in the enhanced oil recovery.

Drilling rigs can be of various kinds: drive drilling rigs, diesel drive drilling rigs, gear drive drilling rigs, chain drive drilling rigs, hydraulic drive drilling rigs. Drilling rigs can drill depth from 3,280 ft to 30,000 ft. Drilling rig can be classified by different criteria. Drilling rigs by power used: electric drilling rig, mechanic drilling rig, hydraulic drilling rig, and pneumatic drilling rig. Drilling rigs by pipe used: cable drilling rig, conventional drilling rig, and coil tubing drilling rig. Drilling rigs by height: single drilling rig, double drilling rig, triple drilling rig, and quad drilling rig. Drilling rigs by method of rotation: non rotation drilling rig, rotary table drilling rig, and top-drive drilling rig. Drilling rigs by position of derrick: conventional drilling rig and slant drilling rig.

1. Crown Block and Water Table

An assembly of sheaves or pulleys mounted on beams at the top of the derrick. The drilling line is run over the sheaves down to the hoisting drum.

2. Catline Boom and Hoist Line

A structural framework erected near the top of the derrick for lifting material.

3. Drilling Line

A wire rope hoisting line, reeved on sheaves of the crown block and traveling block (in effect a block and tackle). Its primary purpose is to hoist or lower drill pipe or casing from or into a well. In addition, a wire rope used to support the drilling tools.

4. Monkey board

The derrick man’s working platform. Double board, tribble board, fourable board; a monkey board located at a height in the derrick or mast equal to two, three, or four lengths of pipe respectively.

5. Traveling Block

An arrangement of pulleys or sheaves through which drilling cable is reeved, which moves up or down in the derrick or mast.

6. Top Drive

The top drive rotates the drill string end bit without the use of a kelly and rotary table. The top drive is operated from a control console on the rig floor.

7. Mast
A portable derrick capable of being erected as a unit, as distinguished from a standard derrick, which cannot be raised to a working position as a unit.

8. Drill Pipe
The heavy seamless tubing used to rotate the bit and circulate the drilling fluid. Joints of pipe 30 feet long are coupled together with tool joints.

9. Doghouse

A small enclosure on the rig floor used as an office for the driller or as a storehouse for small objects. Also, any small building used as an office or for storage.

10. Blowout Preventer

One or more valves installed at the wellhead to prevent the escape of pressure either in the annular space between the casing and the drill pipe or in open hole (for example, hole with no drill pipe) during drilling or completion operations.

11. Water Tank

It is used to store water for mud mixing, cementing, and rig cleaning.

12. Electric Cable Tray

Supports the heavy electrical cables that feed the power from the control panel to the rig motors.

13. Engine Generator Sets

A diesel, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), natural gas, or gasoline engine, along with a mechanical transmission and generator for producing power for the drilling rig. Newer rigs use electric generators to power electric motors on the other parts of the rig.

14. Fuel Tanks

Fuel storage tanks for the power generating system.

15. Electric Control House

On diesel electric rigs, powerful diesel engines drive large electric generators. The generators produce electricity that flows through cables to electric switches and control equipment enclosed in a control cabinet or panel. Electricity is fed to electric motors via the panel.

16. Mud Pump

A large reciprocating pump used to circulate the mud (drilling fluid) on a drilling rig.

17. Bulk Mud Components Storage

Hopper type tanks for storage of drilling fluid components.

18. Mud Pits

A series of open tanks, usually made of steel plates, through which the drilling mud is cycled to allow sand and sediments to settle out. Additives are mixed with the mud in the pit, and the fluid is temporarily stored there before being pumped back into the well. Mud pit compartments are also called shaker pits, settling pits, and suction pits, depending on their main purpose.

19. Reserve Pits

A mud pit in which a supply of drilling fluid has been stored. Also, a waste pit, usually an excavated, earthen-walled pit. It may be lined with plastic to prevent soil contamination.

20. Mud Gas Separator

A device that removes gas from the mud coming out of a well when a kick is being circulated out.

21. Shale Shaker

A series of trays with sieves or screens that vibrate to remove cuttings from circulating fluid in rotary drilling operations. The size of the openings in the sieve is selected to match the size of the solids in the drilling fluid and the anticipated size of cuttings. Also called a shaker.

22. Choke Manifold

The arrangement of piping and special valves, called chokes, through which drilling mud is circulated when the blowout preventers are closed to control the pressures encountered during a kick.

23. Pipe Ramp

An angled ramp for dragging drill pipe up to the drilling platform or bringing pipe down off the drill platform.

24. Pipe Racks

A horizontal support for tubular goods.

25. Accumulator

The storage device for nitrogen pressurized hydraulic fluid, which is used in operating the blowout preventers.

Beam-pumping unit is intended for the individual mechanical gear for the oil well pumps. The beam-pumping unit is an independent balance gear of the oil pumps. It consists of balance beam, head of balance beam, frame, and stud. Among its elements, there are also reducer, traverse, rod, crank and so on.

Design features:

  • Increased the load carrying capacity of all bearing assemblies;

  • Beam-pumping unit is designed according to new technology ;

  • Power consumption is reduced at 10% ;

  • Increased the reducer load-carrying capacity.

Pumping units are the walking beam individual drive of an oil-well sucker-rod pump used during oil well operation. Manufactured goods are manufactured in two versions:
- for high foundation mounting
- for low foundation mounting (with elonglated bearing under the reducer and walking-beam).
A four-linked transforming mechanism of drive is implemented according to the asymmetric scheme and its optimum selection is allowed to reduce the overall dimensions and the weight of pumping units, and consumed power.

A pump is a device used to move fluids, such as gases, liquids or slurries. A pump displaces a volume by physical or mechanical action. One common misconception about pumps is the thought that they create pressure. Pumps alone do not create pressure; they only displace fluid, causing a flow. Adding resistance to flow causes pressure. Pumps fall into two major groups: positive displacement pumps and rotodynamic pumps. Their names describe the method for moving a fluid.

Практические занятия

Нефтяное оборудование. Станок-качалка. Буровая установка. Элементы буровой установки. Насосы. Центробежный насос. Винтовой насос.

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Работа с политехническим словарём по теме 3.2

Форма контроля самостоятельной работы:

- проверка рабочих тетрадей

Вопросы для самоконтроля по теме:

1. What does each oil equipment company specialize in?

2. How can such companies help you?

3. What do they supply?

4. What oil field equipment do you know?

5. Why does oil field equipment play a very important role?

6. What kinds of drilling rigs do you know?

7. How deep can the drilling rig drill?

8. By what criteria can we classify drilling rigs?

9.What types of drilling are familiar to you?

10.What are the elements of drilling rig?

11.For what is beam-pumping unit intended?

12.What is the beam-pumping unit?

13.What are the elements of beam-pumping unit?

14.What are the design features of it?

15.In what two versions is beam-pumping unit manufactured?

16.What is a pump?

17.How does a pump displace a volume?

18.What is one common misconception about the pumps?

19.In how many groups do pumps fall?

20.What are positive displacement pumps?

21.What rotary-type pumps do you know?

Тема 3.3. Что такое нефть?

Основные понятия и термины по теме:

petroleum, difference, trouble, to reduce, to supply, to connect

План изучения темы (перечень вопросов, обязательных к изучению):

  • From the history of petroleum

  • Development of oil in Tatarstan

  • Pipeline “Druzhba”

  • Men of production

Краткое изложение теоретических вопросов:

What is petroleum? Petroleum is a very important mineral, it gives us heat and light. It also gives us power for our cars, planes, and ships. It gives us power for machines of all kinds.

How was petroleum created? Scientists believe petroleum was formed from the re­mains of plants and animals. These plants and animals lived and died millions of years ago. (Remains are what is left after a plant or animal has died.)

What exactly is petroleum? Petroleum is a mineral that is a mixture of hydrocar­bons. It is an oily liquid which may be brown, green, or black in color. The word "petroleum" comes from Latin. It means "rock oil".

Crude oil is petroleum that comes di­rectly from deep in the ground. It is then taken to a refinery. The refinery is a kind of factory with equipment in it to refine oil. At a refinery the crude oil is puri­fied and separated into its various parts. From the refined petroleum we obtain important products, such as gasoline, kerosene, fertilizers, detergents, plas­tics, drugs, and perfumes. These are just a few of the thousands of useful prod­ucts we get from this valuable mineral petroleum.

Petroleum is a valuable raw material. It is a mixture of hydrocarbons. The physical and chemical properties are not uniform. They depend on the composition of oil and presence of impurities . Some oil may be almost colourless, others - light, yellow , red , green , brown and black.

The odour is also determined by its composition. The lighter oils have greater value because they contain larger quantities of valuable products. Natural Hydrocarbons are widely used as fuel for domestic and industrial needs. They serve as raw material in the petrochemical industry.

Petroleum and natural gas have been known to man long before our era. Petroleum production on an industrial scale, however, was started only a little more than one hundred years ago, while the production and use of natural gas only in the present century.

Petroleum and gas can be found escaping from rocks in many places all over the world. Such occurrence of petroleum and gas are mentioned in the writings of Herodotus (5th century B.C.), Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Marcus Vitruvius (1 st century A.D.).

1. Nadir Urazmetov, who almost 250 years ago was a foreman of Nadirovo village near modern Bugulma, can be regarded as the first Muslim entrepreneur who showed interest to vast underground riches to our region.

2. In 1753, on behalf of his son, Yusup, and fellow villagers, Aslam and Khozi Mozyakovs, he asked the Berg Board to grand the permission for the construction of the oil refinement plant, along with the right to further sell petroleum products...

3. On pounds of oil that he sent to Moscow for the analysis made a very good impression upon the experts of the mining industry. The permission was granted in less than a year, and included very favorable terms. For example , the entrepreneurs were exempted from paying taxes for a period of two years, and would be provided with protection from local bureaucrats. They were also allowed to freely trade oil on the territory of the entire Russian Empire. In those days, such privileges were absolutely fantastic.

4. Unfortunately. What was planned never became a reality...

Achieve records, as well as the reports sent by Urazmetov to the Berg Board, show Thai the fist ever private oil company in our region collapsed before the project was even really started. Even earlier , Nadir Urazmetov became ill and died. An interesting question to ask is: Apart from the sympathetic gossip among the fellow villager-, and the map of an oil - bearing segment of the Ural -- Volga region, what else did unsuccessful! explorer leave after himself?

5. Although the first attempt to make the transition from primitive collection of oil to its systematic production and refinement did hot succeed. Historians think that it had played a very significant role. Most importantly, it drew the attention of scientists to the problems associated with the production of oil and its further refinement.

6.However Urazmetov was not the first person who dreamed about large-scale production of oil business on the territory of Russia has its roots in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Even in those days , Tatarstan was known for its oil inside , as well as outside of Russia, it is probably true that Ivan the Terrible also knew about presence of oil , or even about mineral oil springs on the territory of Kazan Khanate when he eaphired it in 1552. For example . his diplomatic correspondence with the English Queen Elizabeth Tudor repeatedly mentions oil as a subject of trade.

7.The first officially reported and published description of mineral oil springs on the territory of the Volga region was made in 1717 by Gotlib Shober, physician in-ordinary of Peter the Great. For a long time , Dr. Shober's report existed only in a handwritten form . In 1760 , following the death of the author , it was published by the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The Romashkinskoye oil - field ... This name is a lot more than simply a geographical term describing an area of 5000 sq.km to the west from the Ural mountains, it is connected with an inseparable link to the golden pages in the history of the domestic oil industry. As a result of the rapid implementation of the project that was grandiose both in its scale and in its concept, the autonomous republic in the very centre of the country became an oil- producing region of international significance , just like it was predicted by academician Ivan Gubkin. Oil production became the national profession of persistent and hard working people of Tatarstan.

When the drilling crews have completed the oil well and installed some surface equipment, the vital job moving the oil and gas from the well to the purchaser falls to the productions department. Although some oil or gas may have been produced during completion, the production personnel make the well and its equipment a permanent part of an oil field.

This complex job involves the installation, operation, maintaining, repairing and replacement of production equipment. Other activities involve well remedial work and routine servicing of wells. Some of the field operating personal are lease operators, roustabouts, repairmen, engineer technicians, well testers. The fields supervisors are known as foremen and superintendents.

In most cases oil and gas production is an around the clock job even though much of the work is done during daylight, oil and gas are being produced at all hours of the day and night. It is the job of the production man to keep wells producing, regardless of weather and all other obstacles.

Общая схема видовременной системы

Английский язык довольно причудливо соединил видовые и временные характеристики, создав систему, состоящую из четырёх групп времён (Tense/Tenses):

Indefinite Tenses - неопределённые времена

Continuous Tenses - продолженные времена

Слова Tense / Tenses - время / времена используются лишь как грамматическое

понятие. В обычном значении используется слово time - время.

Первая группа

Indefinite Tenses - Неопределенные времена

Вторая группа

Continuous Tenses - Длительные времена

Третья группа

Perfect Tenses - Cовершенные времена

Четвертая группа (гибрид групп Continuous и Perfect)

Perfect Continuous Tenses - Совершенные длительные времена.

Неличные формы глагола.

Инфинитив - соответствует неопределённой форме глагола в русском языке.

Герундий не имеет точного соответствия в русском языке. Он является чем-то средним между глаголом и существительным.

Причастие. Существуют 2 вида причастий:

Participle I или Present Participle; Participle II или Past Participle
Практические занятия

Нефть. История нефти. Нефть Татарстана. Нефтепровод «Дружба» Люди производства. Видовременные формы английского глагола. Неличные формы глагола.

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Подготовка сообщения «Ромашкинское месторождение»

Форма контроля самостоятельной работы:

-устный опрос

Вопросы для самоконтроля по теме:

1. Did ancient people know petroleum?

2. When did the man come to know about petroleum and natural gas?

3. Where can petroleum be found?

  1. In whose writings was petroleum mentioned?

  2. When did the production of petroleum and natural gas begin?

  3. How was petroleum extracted?

  4. How deep were wells dug in ancient times?

  5. What is petroleum?

  6. Are the physical and chemical properties of petroleum uniform ?

10.What do they depend on?

11.What colour is petroleum?

12.What sort of oils have greater value?

13.Whare are hydrocarbons used?Why?

14.What role did that first attempt play in our history?

15.Give examples that Tatarstan was known in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries for its oil?

16.Who and when did the first official report and description of mineral oil springs on the territory of the Volga region?

Дополните определения:

1.Petroleum is an important ...

2.It gives us ...

3.It gives us power for our cars, planes….

4.It gives us power for machines of all ...

5.Petroleum was formed from the remains of plants and….

6.The plants and animals lived and died millions of ...

7.Petroleum is ….

8. Petroleum is a mixture of ...

9 Petroleum is an oily…

10.It may be brown, green, or …

11.The word "petroleum'" comes from Latin and…

12.Petroleum means "rock oil.""

13.Crude oil comes directly from the..

14.The crude oil is taken to ..

15. At the refinery it is purified and separated into its various ..

16.We obtain important products from the refined...

17.We obtain gasoline, kerosene, fertilizers and ..

18.We also obtain plastics, drugs and …
Тема 3.4. Экология. Безопасность.
Основные понятия и термины по теме:

an injury, safe, environment, а cable, а wire, personal protective equipment (PPE)

План изучения темы (перечень вопросов, обязательных к изучению):

  • Installation

  • Repairing

  • Maintenance

  • Safety

  • Ecology

  • Men of production

Краткое изложение теоретических вопросов:

Косвенная речь Косвенная речь- это форма передачи чьих-то слов, мыслей, вопросов.

Передача прямой речи без изменения времени глагола:

Если английская фраза начинается со слов Не says, Не thinks, He answers, He writes, то никаких особых изменений времени глагола не происходит.

Обычно не изменяется время глагола, если в прямой речи он стоит в Past Indefinite.

3. При переводе из прямой речи в косвенную не изменяются следующие глаголы:

could, should, would, ought to

Глагол must

- остаётся без изменения - must

- или иногда заменяется на had to

4. Если фраза начинается со слов Не said, He told me, а сообщаемая информация

актуальна и объективна и поныне, то глагол в сообщении не изменяется во времени.

Принцип согласования времён.

Если фраза начинается со слов:

Он сказал, что...

Он говорил, что...

то в передаваемой информации глагол изменяет время следующим образом:

Tom : I don't like this song. Tom said he didn 't like this song.

don't like - Present Indefinite = didn 't like - Past Indefinite

Перевод: Том сказал, что ему не нравится эта песня.

Глагол в английской фразе сместился на одну ступень в прошлое.

The problem of population and ecology has become the most important one for mankind. Air and water pollution by industry is now reaching tremendous proportions. The seas and oceans are becoming seriously polluted.

Many cities throughout the world suffer from air pollution. But our scientific knowledge and technological advancement make it possible to eliminate it.

The problem can be solved only on the level of world community. It is necessary to develop international program to study data on land, forest atmospheric and oceanic resources, renewable and non- renewable.

We must plan and fulfill actions that can eliminate pollution, purify air, water and soil, safeguard natural resources.

This complex job involves the installation, operation, maintaining, repairing and replacement of production equipment. Other activities involve well remedial work and routine servicing of wells. Some of the field operating personal are lease operators, roustabouts, repairmen, engineer technicians, well testers. The fields supervisors are known as foremen and superintendents.

In most cases oil and gas production is an around the clock job even though much of the work is done during daylight, oil and gas are being produced at all hours of the day and night. It is the job of the production man to keep wells producing, regardless of weather and all other obstacles.

When oil or gas from a well is being sold to a transportation company or pipeline, the lease operator directly responsible for obtaining accurate records of the amount of oil sold. Thus the lease operator acts as the company's representative in the sale or transfer of gas or oil from the company to the buyer. Some companies have special gaggers to handle this transfer. Other use automatic custody transfer units.

The lease operator produces the wells, does so with the least possible waste, and must sometimes treat he oil so meets pipeline specifications. He conducts continuous well performance surveillance. He must follow allowable in those areas where allowable without damage to the well and the reservoir. The lease operator performs minor maintenance jobs on the well heads, tank batteries, pumping units, engines, or other production equipment. Major repairs are usually dined by company or contract crews, the technicians.

Each crew of roustabouts is directed by a roustabout leader man, a gang pusher, or a head roustabout. It is the head roustabout's ob to oversee the work of the roustabout to be sure the needed tools and equipment are at the working site, and generally to carry out the instructions of the production foreman on whose lease the work is being done. The leader man not only takes responsibility for completion of the given job, but is also responsible for the training and safety of his men.

The main causes of accidents in the workplace are not dramatic fires and explosions, but very ordinary accidents that can be easily prevented by workers looking out for their own safety and the safety of others. Many of these accidents are minor, but some cause death or serious injury. The most common cause of accidents is from slips, trips, and falls, followed by lifting and carrying. Accidents involving cuts, burns, dropped objects, falling from height, and collisions are also common but often avoidable. The main preventable measure is safety training. All employees in the oil and gas industry go through regular safety training courses to encourage a strong safety culture. For hazardous areas, employees will be issued with Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) which must be worn in signed areas. Safety boots, hard hats, overalls, gloves, and safety glasses are usually a standard issue. In addition, ear protectors and special trades' equipment such as welding shields, goggles, and gloves will be issued. Safety signage has to be followed. Signs are classified with different shapes and colours to denote whether they are mandatory, warnings, or giving information. Most signs are independent of language and use standard symbols as ideograms. The meaning of some of these signs is not always immediately obvious and so they should be learnt.

Практические занятия

Прямая и косвенная речь. Согласование времен. Ремонт и подготовка оборудования.

Правила техники безопасности. Защита окружающей среды. Страдательный залог.

Производственные отношения.

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Составление диалога по теме «Отношения на производстве»

Форма контроля самостоятельной работы:

- устный опрос

Вопросы для самоконтроля по теме:

  1. Who does the vital job of moving the oil and gas from the well to the purchaser?

  2. When does the job on moving the oil from the well the chaser start?

  3. Who makes the well and its equipment a part of an oil field?

  4. What does this complex job consist of?

  5. How are lease operators, repairmen, engineer technics called?

  6. Whom do we call a production man?

  7. What is the job of the production man?

  8. What company is oil from a well sold to?

  9. Does a lease operator take part in sale of oil and gas?

  10. Who handles transfer of oil in some oil companies?

  11. Who is responsible for the least possible waste in oil field?

  12. Who conducts continious well performance surveillance?

  13. What jobs does the lease operator perform?

  14. By whom are major repairs done?

  15. What is the head roustabout’s job?

  16. Who provides the needed tools and equipment at the working site?

  17. Whose instructions does the head roustabout carry out?

  18. What are the responsibilities of the leader man?

  19. Who takes responsible for the training of workers?

  20. Is the leader man responsible for the training of workers?

Тема 3.5. Нефтяные компании

Основные понятия и термины по теме:

measuring equipment, guidance, enterprises, consumption of fuel, energy resources.

План изучения темы (перечень вопросов, обязательных к изучению):

  • The oil and gas sector of Russia.

  • Oil and gas companies.


  • The oil refining and petrochemical industry.

  • The company « Lukoil»

  • JSC Rosneft

Краткое изложение теоретических вопросов:

“Объектный предикативный инфинитивный оборот” - это сочетание существительного в общем падеже (или личного местоимения в объектном падеже) с инфинитивом, выступающее как единый член предложения - сложное дополнение.

“Объектный инфинитивный оборот” употребляется:

1После глаголов to hear - слышать, to see- видеть, to feel -чувствовать, to watch, to observe -наблюдать. После этих глаголов частица to перед инфинитивом не употребляется.

2. После глаголов, выражающих волеизъявление: to want -хотеть, to wish, to desire -желать и др., а также после оборота I should like- я хотел бы.

3. После глаголов, выражающих мнение, суждение, предположение и т. п.: to believe- полагать считать; to consider -считать; to think- думать, считать; to suppose -полагать; to know -знать; to prove -оказываться, доказывать; to understand- понимать; to expect- ожидать; to assume -предполагать, допускать и др.

4. После глаголов, выражающих приказание, требование, принуждение, просьбу, разрешение: to order, to command- приказывать; to cause, to make -заставлять, принуждать; to request- просить; to allow, to permit- разрешать, допускать и др. В этом случае инфинитив имеет пассивную форму. “Объектный инфинитивный оборот” также употребляется после глаголов в неличной форме.

The oil refining and petrochemical industry of our country is one of the most independent branches of industrial production in the national economy system. This branch of industry is responsible for development of oil refining processes; production and quality of motor and fuel oils; lubricants; wax; asphalts and various petrochemical products, as well as for the production of rubber and rubber articles. Synthetic rubber; various types of carbon black; oil fillers; plasticizers and some other components, used as a base for various types of rubber are produced by this branch of industry.

The most important processes are hydrogenation processes which permit wider variations in production pattern, yields and properties of oil products. In this connection hydrogen becomes more important, for it ensures complete removal of sulphur, oxigen, nitrogen insaturates, asphaltic compounds and tars by means of various modifications of hydrotreatment and hydrocracking.

To produce low pour - point diesel fuels, such as winter and arctic diesel fuels, dewaxing processes are the most widely used in the refineries.

JSC “Tatneft” is one of the largest companies in the oil and gas sector of Russia. Tatneft Company performs its major activities within the territory of the Russian Federation. The Company is a holding structure, which incorporates oil and gas production boards, crude oil and gas refining companies, as well as enterprises and servicing works selling the crude oil and also the products of crude oil and gas refining and petrochemical products. In addition to this the Company is also participating in the banking and insurance activities. Development of progressive science-intensive technologies as well as increasing the scope and diversity of high technical industrial services rendered strengthen the innovational potential of the Company and provide for one of the essential competitive advantages of JSC “Tatneft” in the industry branch. Tatneft (Russian: ОАО «Татнефть») is a Russian vertically-integrated oil and gas company with headquarters in the city of Almetyevsk, in the Republic of Tatarstan. It is the sixth largest oil company in Russia. The company has more than 70'000 employees across Russia. Tatneft was created in 1950 by the merger of several local oil companies and related industries. Tatneft is listed on the Moscow bourse, and its ADRs are traded on the Frankfurt and London stock exchanges. In 1998, Tatneft was the first Russian company whose ADRs were traded on the New York Stock Exchange. For years, Tatneft traded under the ADR (stock symbol TNT). It retired that listing in 2006.

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