banking services (through its subsidiaries Bank Zenit and Bank Devon-Credit)
The company « Lukoil» is a major seller and producer of oil products. It is exploring the existing oil deposits and is also searching for new ones.
The head office of open joint-stock company Lukoil is a separate commercial organization with an independent budget. The company is working in several directions: survey of new oil deposits, extraction of oil and its export, oil processing, investments home and abroad, attraction of investments to finance new programs etc.
Oil company Lukoil was formed on the basis of a state syndicate Lukoil ("Langepas-Ural-Kogalymneftegaz") created on November 25, 1991. Apart from the three oil-extracting companies, Lukoil incorporated production association "Permnefteorgsintez" and Volgograd, Novoufimsk and Majeyakskiy (Luthuania) oil-processing plants.
Lukoil was made into an open joint-stock company in accordance with a presidential decree #1403 (17.11.1992) "On privatization of oil industry" on April 5, 1993. Lukoil company consists of a number of joint-stock companies: Nizhnevolzhskneft, Permneft, Kaliningradmorneftegaz, Astrakhanneft, Kaliningradmortorgneftegaz, Astrakhannefteproduct, Volgogradnefteproduktavtomatika, Rostovneftekhimproekt.
Lukoil company controls oil-extracting plants, oil-processing plants and others. 94.4% of Lukoil stock belongs to the Russian state and companies.
Lukoil current deposits will last for 27 years. 60% of its supplies are in Western Siberia. 1/3 of Lukoil oil supplies are in European Russia. Foreign resource base (mostly Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan) is gaining importance.
Rosneft is one of the leading energy companies in Russia and the world, with dozens of projects in the South and North of European Russia, in Siberia, Russia’s Far East, as well as in Kazakhstan and Algeria. Today, the Company’s subsidiaries are developing and operating over 300 oil and gas fields.
Rosneft enjoys a crucial competitive advantage due to its vast, high-quality oil reserves. The Company’s reserves total over 40 billion barrels of proved, probable and possible oil and gas reserves. Rosneft has the world’s highest proved reserves of liquid hydrocarbons among publicly traded companies.
Over the last six years, Rosneft has been vigorously pursuing a strategy of optimizing expenditures, implementing state-of-the-art technologies, developing and diversifying its resource base and expanding its portfolio of high-quality assets. This strategy has resulted in daily oil production rising sixfold, from 270,000 barrels in 2000 to 1.6 million barrels in 2006. Oil production growth in 2006 was several times higher than the Russian average.
At the end of 2006, Rosneft owned two oil refineries, in Tuapse and Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The coastal locations of these refineries allow for easy export of petroleum products to markets in Europe and Asia.
Cложное дополнение. Нефтяные компании России и Татарстана. ОАО «Роснефть»
ОАО «Лукойл» Нефтехимическая промышленность РТ. ОАО «Татнефть»
1.Where does Tatneft perform its major activities?
2.What means a holding structure?
3.What is the annual production of the Company?
4.What is the major Company’s priorities?
5.What is the most impotant component of Tatneft Company activity?
6. How does the company help people of Tatarstan?
7. Who is the president of OJSC “Tatneft”?
8.What is OJSC “Lukoil”?
9.What is it famous for?
10.In what directions does the company work?
11. When was Lukoil made into an open joint stock company?
12. What companies does Lukoil consist of?
13. What does the company control?
14. Where is 60% of its supply situated?
15.Who is the chairman of the Board of Directors?
16.Due to what Rosneft enjoys a crucial competitive advantage?
17.How is the strategy of Rosneft resulted in oil production?
18.How many refineries did the company own in 2006?
19. What regions do the refineries occupy?
20.Does the Company take care of its personnel?
21.Who is the president of OC “Rosneft”?
Раздел 4. Поиск работы
Тема 4.1. Поиск работы
Основные понятия и термины по теме:
curriculum vitae, applying for a job, to list briefly, to list skills, to put date of birth
План изучения темы (перечень вопросов, обязательных к изучению):
The oil and gas industry workers.
Applying for a job.
How to write a job application.
Curriculum Vitae (CV)
Краткое изложение теоретических вопросов:
The oil and gas industry recruits workers from all over the world. The first priority for any oil or gas company is to employ locally where possible. By encouraging companies to employ locally in contracts and legislation, governments help to fulfil the aspirations of their own people and improve their long-term national economy. The industry comprises nationally owned and independent oil companies exploring and producing oil and gas, contractors and service companies providing design, drilling and marine services, and specialist suppliers selling equipment, materials, and tools to the industry. In all these areas, companies are keen to recruit locally in order to grow. The industry also provides opportunities to live and work in countries across the world. There are over forty oil-producing countries in the world with substantial oil and gas industries. Expertise from developed countries where the industry is well established, such as the United States and the United Kingdom, is in demand in countries where the oil industry is less developed. In Middle Eastern countries, there are small countries with small populations and large oil reserves that need to bring in qualified and skilled people as well as manual labour. In India, for example, which has a significant oil and gas industry of its own, accounting for 15% of its Gross Domestic Product, its nationals at all levels are also employed in many different countries.
English is used as the common language in the work environment. It is important that verbal communication skills in basic areas such as numbers and the names of tools and equipment are practised to a degree that helps to minimize mistakes in understanding. Some mistakes can have serious consequences for safety when handling hydrocarbons. Wrong assumptions can also be made in reading and writing numbers, for example there are differences in conventions in writing dates and filling in forms which can lead to misunderstandings.
Facilities both onshore and offshore will have a workshop with basic tools and machines and a team of skilled maintenance technicians. Workshop specializations will include mechanical, piping, electrical, control and instruments, and computer and communications support. A lot of the work is carried out in the place where the equipment to be worked on is located. In many cases because of weather conditions, restricted space, or the need for specialized tools, the work will be brought in to the workshop. Although the local team would be capable of carrying out straightforward operations, more complex work may need to be done by suppliers' specialized staff or by a maintenance contractor, particularly to preserve guarantees.
Time flies, and one day you will have to seek for (искать) the job. In this unit you'll learn how to write a letter of job application (обращение за работой), curriculum vitae (CV) = resume (American version), a short written account (учет) of your education and past employment (прошлое трудоустройство).
Besides you'll be given some hints (advice) on how to behave (вести себя) during an interview(собеседование).
How to write a job application
Writing in black ink (чернила) on white unlined paper looks professional.
1 Put your address, telephone number and date in the top (верхний) right-hand corner(угол) and the name of the person you are applying to on the left, level with the date. Write the company name and address below.
You can possibly type (печатать) your letter but employers (работодатели) do prefer to see your handwriting. Leave a line between paragraphs (абзац).
First paragraph- a polite one-sentence opening explanation (объяснение) why you are writing.
Tell them you know they are busy people but stress that your CV proves (доказывать) you are worth (заслуживать) time too.
Describe (описывать) yourself like a product on sale. List (перечислять) your skills (умения) and personal qualities like high motivation, enthusiasm and adaptability (способность адаптироваться).
If you have qualifications, list them briefly (коротко).
Flattery is important, so explain (объяснять) why it's the only firm you want to work for.
Ask for an interview. Say you are happy to come in for a chat at any time, even if there are no jobs available now. Thank the reader for their time and remind (напоминать) them you are waiting for a reply (ответ). Use "Yours sincerely (искренний" if you're writing to a named person and "Faithfully (преданный)" if you started "Dear Sir/Madam". Sign (подписывать) your letter at the bottom (внизу) left and print your name clearly below(ниже).
Your CV (Curriculum Vitae) Always type (печатать) it on unlined white paper, preferably a single (одиночный) sheet.
Write your name, address and telephone number.
Put your health record (медсправка), date of birth and marital status (семейное положение).
In the next section, note down your education. Put any qualifications on the next line.
Next, detail your work history, starting with your most recent(самая последняя) job. Give dates and describe your duties(обязанности).
List hobby and interests and put extra information in a separate section(отдельный раздел).
End by saying that two referees are available on request – not naming them leaves you free to choose the best ones for particular jobs. Remember the longer an application, the less chance it has of being read.
Never send a photo – copied letter – it looks like you don’t care.
Always be positive and never apologise (извиняться) for being You.
SCIENCE The word "science" comes from the Latin word "scientia", which means "knowledge". Science covers the broad field of knowledge that deals with facts and the relationship among these facts.
Scientists study a wide variety of subjects. Some scientists search for clues to the origin of the universe and examine the structure of the cells of living plants and animals. Other researchers investigate why we act the way we do, or try to solve complicated mathematical problems.
Scientists use systematic methods of study to make observations and collect facts. They develop theories that help them order and unity facts. Scientific theories consist of general principles or laws that attempt to explain how and why something happens or has happened. A theory is considered to become a part of scientific knowledge if it has been tested experimentally and proved to be true.
Scientific study can be divided into three major groups: the natural, social, and technical sciences. As scientific knowledge has grown and become more complicated, many new fields of science have appeared. At the same time, the boundaries between scientific fields have become less and less clear. Numerous areas of science overlap each other and it is often hard to tell where one science ends and another begins. All sciences are closely interconnected.
Science has great influence on our lives. It provides the basis of modern technology — the tools and machines that make our life and work easier. The discoveries and inventions of scientists also help shape our view about ourselves and our place in the universe.
We do live in the Technological Age. We mustn’t forget though (хотя) that mankind человечество) has been searching for technological solutions to problems ever since (с тех пор) primitive man picked up a piece of flint (кремень) or stone and used it to dig (копать) or cut. Later, we invented
the wheel (колесо) and then a computer.
Computers and microchips (микросхемы) have become part of our everyday lives: we read magazines which are produced on computer, we buy things with the help of computers, we pay bills prepared by computers. Just dialing a phone number involves (вовлекать) the use of a sophisticated computer system. In the past, life without computers was much more difficult than it is today. The first computers were able to multiply long numbers (числа), but they could not do anything else. Nobody believed stories about robots and space (космический) travel, but now computers are able to do almost (почти) all difficult jobs. What makes your computer such a miraculous (чудесный) device (прибор)? It is a calculating machine that speeds up financial calculations (подсчеты). It is a personal communicator that enables you to interact (взаимодействовать) with other computers and with people around the world. And you can even use your PC to relax (отдыхать) with computer games.
Видовременные формы глагола (Активный залог). Моя специальность. (Нефтяная отрасль. Техник-механик). Поиск работы. Резюме. Собеседование. Деловая переписка. Инфраструктура. Мир вокруг нас. Наука и технология. Человек и природа.
Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Форма контроля самостоятельной работы:
- проверка рабочих тетрадей
Вопросы для самоконтроля по теме:
What is a curriculum vitae?
Do you write the company name in a job application?
What information must the first paragraph of job application contain (содержать)?
How must you describe yourself?
Will you list your skills and personal qualities in the letter of job application?
How should you list qualifications?
Who must ask for an interview?
Will you ask for an interview if there is no job available at present time?
How will you finish your letter of job application?
What kind of paper must one use to write CV?
How will you detail your work history?
What kind of application has the less chance to be read?
Is it possible to send a photo – copied letter?
Why mustn’t you send a photo – copied letter?
Can you write a curriculum vitae?
Найдите русские соответствия к английским словосочетаниям:
1.part of everyday life 2.that enable you 3.produced on computer 4.with the help of computer 5.bill prepared by computer 6.dialing a phone number 7.in the past 8.to multiply numbers 9.stories about space travel 10.to believe stories 11.to speed up calculations 12.to relax with computer games
1.счета, подготовленные компьютерами 2.нобор номера телефона 3.часть повседневной жизни 4.в прошлом 5.отдыхать, играя в компьютерные игры 6.умножать числа 7.верить историям 8.ускорять подсчеты 9.сделанный на компьютере 10.который позволяет тебе 11.с помощью компьютеров 12.истории о космическом путешествии.
Тема 4.2. Информационные технологии Основные понятия и термины по теме:
a tool, to contribute, digital, navigation, satellite, location, receiver, application
Планизучениятемы (перечень вопросов, обязательных к изучению):
Inventions and inventors
Краткое изложение теоретических вопросов:
Technology means the use of people's inventions and discovers satisfy their needs. Since people have appeared on the earth they had had to get food, clothes, and shelter. Through the ages, people have vented tools, machines, and materials to make work easier.
Nowadays, when people speak of technology, they generally means industrial technology. Industrial technology began about 200 years with the development of the steam engine, the growth of factories, the mass production of goods. It influenced different aspects of pie's lives. The development of the car influenced where people lived and worked. Radio and television changed their leisure time. The telephone revolutionized communication.
Science has contributed much to modern technology. Science attempts to explain how and why things happen. Technology makes thing happen. But not all technology is based on science. For example, people had made different objects from iron for centuries before they learnt the structure of the metal. But some modem technologies, such as nuclear power production and space travel, depend heavily on science.
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellite system that provides reliable location and time information in all weather and at all times and anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. It is maintained by the United States government and is freely accessible by anyone with a GPS receiver.
The GPS System was created and realized by the American Department of Defense (DOD) and was originally based on and run with 24 satellites. It was established in 1973 to reduce the large number of navigation aids and to overcome the limitations of previous navigation systems. GPS receivers are now integrated in many mobile phones. The GPS consists of three parts: the space segment, the control segment, and the user segment. The U.S. Air Force develops, maintains, and operates the space and control segments. GPS satellites broadcast signals from space, which each GPS receiver uses to calculate its three-dimensional location (latitude, longitude, and altitude) plus the current time.
The space segment is composed of 24 to 32 satellites in medium Earth orbit and also includes the boosters required to launch them into orbit. The control segment is composed of a master control station, an alternate master control station, and a host of dedicated and shared ground antennas and monitor stations. The user segment is composed of hundreds of thousands of U.S. and allied military users of the secure GPS Precise Positioning Service, and tens of millions of civil, commercial, and scientific users of the Standard Positioning Service (see GPS navigation devices).
Applications. GPS has become a widely used aid to navigation worldwide, and a useful tool for map-making, land surveying, commerce, scientific uses, tracking and surveillance, and hobbies such as geocaching and waymarking. The precise time reference provided by GPS is used in many applications including the scientific study of earthquakes and as a time synchronization source for cellular network protocols.
In addition, GPS has, in the words of the website gps.gov, become a mainstay of transportation systems worldwide, providing navigation for aviation, ground, and maritime operations. Disaster relief and emergency services depend upon GPS for location and timing capabilities in their life-saving missions. The accurate timing provided by GPS facilitates everyday activities such as banking, mobile phone operations, and even the control of power grids. Farmers, surveyors, geologists and countless others perform their work more efficiently, safely, economically, and accurately using the free and open GPS signals.
The word environment means simply what is around us. Some people live in a town environment; for others, their environment is the countryside. But the air we breathe, the soil on which we stand and walk, the water we drink are all parts of the environment.
Nowadays people understand how important it is to solve the environmental problems that endanger people's lives. The most serious environmental problems are:
• pollution in its many forms (water pollution, air pollution, nuclear pollution);
• noise from cars, buses, planes, etc.;
• destruction of wildlife and the beauty of the countryside;
• shortage of natural resources (metals, different kinds of fue1);
• the growth of population.
Faraday's Law M. FARADAY was a great British physicist, the founder of the theory of electron field, a member of the London Royal Society. He was born in London in the family of a smith. Spending a few years in the primary school, he continued his studies all by himself, reading books and listening public lectures. Greatly impressed by lectures of a well-known English chemist H. Davy, he sent him a letter asking for a job at the Royal Institute. In 1813 Davy gave him a job of a laboratory assistant. Thanks to the brilliant talent of an experimenter, Faraday soon made himself known. All his future scientific work was carried out in the Royal Institute laboratories. Faraday's experiment was the following: when the bar magnet, or the coil carrying the current, was motionless there was no motion of the needle. When a bar was thrust into the coil the needle moved in one direction. The motion of the bar being reversed, the needle reversed its motion too. There was no metallic connection between the two coils, or between the coil and the bar magnet—and yet changing position of one with respect to the other, or changing the direction or magnitude of current one coil produced some electrical effect in the other circuit. Faraday himself made a machine which could generate electricity. He also made an electric motor but these were only scientific instruments and much work had to be done by engineers before a practical machine could be produced.
Radio occupies one of the leading places among the greatest achievements of modern engineering. It was invented by Professor A. S. Popov, a talented Russian scientist, who demonstrated the first radio – receiving set in the world on May 7, 1895. And it is on this day that the anniversary of the birth of the radio is marked. By his invention Popov made a priceless contribution to the development of world science.
After Hertz had published his experiments proving the existence of electromagnetic waves, A. S. Popov thought of the possibility of using Hertz waves for transmitting signals over a distance. Thus the first wireless (radio) receiving set was created. Then Popov developed his device and on March 24, 1896 he demonstrated the transmission and reception of a radiogram consisting of two words: Heinrich Hertz. On that day the radio-telegraphy was converted from an abstract theoretical problem into a real fact.
Систематизация грамматического и лексического материала. Изобретатели и изобретения. Современные технологии. Компьютер. GPS. Интернет. Исследования в Интернете. Форумы. Веб - страницы. Защита окружающей среды.
Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Поиск информации в Интернете «Профессия техник-механик в мировой нефтяной индустрии»
Форма контроля самостоятельной работы:
- защита доклада
Вопросы для самоконтроля по теме:
What does the word environment mean?
What are the most serious environmental problems?
Which of them are described in the text?
What makes sea water dangerous nowadays?
When did industrial technology begin?
When was a steam engine invented?
Who invented the steam engine?
When was radio invented?
Who invented the radio?
When was television invented?
Who invented the television?
When was a telephone invented?
Who invented the telephone?
When was the first car invented?
When was the first digital computer invented?
Who invented the first digital computer?
What famous scientists do you know?
What famous inventors do you know?
What scientific field are you interested in? Why?
What’s part GPS consists of?
What’s the function of GPS?
What’s the function of the space segment (the control segment, and the user segment)?
Why is GPS so useful?
Do you use GPS in your daily life?
КОНТРОЛЬ И ОЦЕНКА РЕЗУЛЬТАТОВ ОСВОЕНИЯ
ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ Текущий контроль
(указать номера тем, подлежащих контролю)
Тема 3.1,3.2, 3.3.
Оценка результатов формализованного наблюдения за деятельностью обучающихся (говорения, письма, аудирования) на практическом занятии.
Оценка результатов стандартизированного тестирования сопоставлением с эталоном (ключом, модельным ответом) на практическом занятии.
А – ancient – the oldest smth. or smb.
applying for a job – to find a job;
application – the guidance to use smth. somewhere;
B – to be bordered by – to be next to smth. (territory);
barren desert – a large area without any vegetation or water;
branch – a direction in industry;
belt – any kind of waist for safety;
C – climate – common weather in all seasons on the same area;
continental – type of climate, e.g. in Europe;
to consist – to include;
constitutional monarchy – in the UK: there is both Parliament and Queen at the head of the state;
to connect – to join smth.;
cable – a long wire for connecting smth.;
consumption of fuel – the use of propellant by smth.;
to contribute – to put effort into smth.;
curriculum vitae – a short biography;
D - to develop – to advance smth. in technology;
display – a monitor of TV or computer;
to divide into – to part into;
digital – numeral;
drilling company – a company that drills holes for an oil or gas company;
derrickman –the person who moves the top part of a drill string;
driller – a person who controls a drill and manages the work of the drilling crew (= the people who work on a drill)
E – equipment – machinery in the industry;
to elect – to choose a head of the country;
engineer – a technical profession in engineering;
engineering – a technical machinery industry;
enterprise – a large industrial factory;
energy resources – natural sources of electricity;
environment – smth. that around;
F – federal – regional territory of some state;
function – an action;
G – government – a form of ruling by country;
gauge – a measuring device;
gear – a mechanism of some equipment;
guidance – navigation, application;
H – high peaked mountain – the tallest hill in some area;
huge – very big, large;
I - injury – damage of smth. or smb.;
install – to fix equipment into position so that it can be used;
K - key pad – keyboard;
L – lowlands – a plain valley at the bottom of mountain;
to be located – to be situated;
to list briefly – to write shortly;
to list skills – to describe abilities;
location – position of smth.;
M - mountain chain – some mountains next to each other;
mineral wealth – natural resources;
manufacturing – production;
to motion – to move;
to measure – to meter;
measuring equipment – a tool for metering;
to maintain – to keep a machine, a tool, etc. in good condition by checking or repairing it regularly;
N – navigation – direction, location;
O - to occupy – to cover;
origin – the beginning or source of smth.;
oil field – territory of petroleum production;
P – population – people of one area;
Prime Minister – the head of the government;
a plain – a valley;
PPE - personal protective equipment;
to put date of birth – to write down the month of birthday;
R – robot – a mechanical moving object;
razer blade – a very sharp small knife;
to rub – to polish smth.;
to reduce – to drop, to lower;
receiver – recipient;
roughneck – a skilled person who works on a drill, for example by connecting or separating the pipes in a drill string;
roustabout – a man with no special skills who does basic work on an oil or gas rig;
S – subtropical – type of climate, e.g. in warm countries;
to be situated – to be located;
to separate – to divide;
sea-border – next to country by the water;
a steppe – a huge area of plains;
socket – an electrical device for plug on the wall;
to store – to accumulate, to collect;
to supply – to provide, to ensure;
safe – undangerous;
satellite – a space guide;
T - total area – whole territory;
trade – a branch, handicraft;
tower – a tall support, pole;
tank – a reservoir, container;
technology - a branch of scientific and industrial methods in industry;
trouble – defect, error, fault;
tool – an instrument;
troubleshooting – helping to solve problems in a company or an organization;
W – wire – a thin piece of metal that can carry an electric current.
ИНФОРМАЦИОННОЕ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ/МДК
Перечень рекомендуемых учебных изданий, Интернет-ресурсов, дополнительной литературы.
Основные источники (для студентов)
1. Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для СПО/ И.П.Агабекян -Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 2007г-320 с.
2. Карпова Т.А. Английский для колледжей/ Т.А.Карпова- М.: Дашков и К, 2009г-320с.
3. Выборова Г.Е. Easy English Базовый курс: Учебник для учащихся средней шко-лы и студентов неязыковых вузов/Г.Е.Выборова, К.С.Махмурян, О.П.Мельчина-М.:АСТ-ПРЕСС КНИГА, 2006г-383с.
Дополнительные источники (для студентов) Для студентов
1. Vicky Hollet Tech Talk/ Vicky Hollet- Oxford: University Press,2009г-140с.
2. Lewis Lansford Oil and gas/Lewis Lansford,D’Arcy Vallance- Oxford: University Press,2011г-135с.