Решениях, принятых в момент речи



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Урок 25

E-waste
In this lesson:

  • You will read and speak about e-waste and recycling in general.


Ключевые слова: e-waste, dispose, resell, reuse, recycle, precious metals, copper, palladium, fossil fuel, LCD television, plasma television, portable DVD, phrasal verbs: break out, break out of, break into, break up, break down
Речевой материал:

Грамматика

1) Future Simple употребляется, когда речь идет о:

    • предсказаниях на будущее, прогнозах (часто с глаголами: hope, think, believe, expect, imagine; с выражениями: I hope, Im sure, Im afraid; с наречиями: probably, perhaps, maybe, и т.д.)

    • обещаниях

    • решениях, принятых в момент речи.

2) Future Continuous употребляется, когда речь идет о:

3) Future Perfect употребляется, когда речь идет о:

  • действии, которое совершится до определенного момента в будущем (часто с придаточными, вводимыми before, by, by then, by the time, until/till (in negative sentences)

4) Future Perfect Continuous употребляется, когда речь идет о:

  • действии, которое будет продолжаться до определенного момента в будущем (часто с придаточными, вводимыми before, by, by then, by the time, until/till (in negative sentences)

5) Present Simple употребляется, когда речь идет о:

  • расписаниях, программах

6) Present Continuous употребляется, когда речь идет о:

  • договоренностях на ближайшее будущее

конструкция be going to употребляется, когда речь идет о:

  • планах на будущее и намерениях

  • прогнозах, основанных на том, что мы видим или знаем

принятых решениях по поводу действий в ближайшем будущем

Look at the data on e-waste
monitors – 10%

televisions – 10%

computers, phones, printers – 15

DVD/CD players, radios, hi-Fi sets – 15%

refrigerators – 20%

washing machines, air-conditioners, vacuum cleaners, irons – 30%




  • Which of these devices do you have?

  • Which have you replaced recently?

  • What did you do with the old ones?


What is recycling?

Recycling is processing used materials (waste) into new products. This way we can reduce the use of raw materials that would have been used. Recycling also uses less energy and it is ecologically sustainable.

Recycling starts with your home. In many countries, the authorities help families and install bin with labels on them.

Households then sort out the waste themselves and place it in the right bins for collection. This makes the work less difficult. 


Match the waste with the bin.

Waste: water bottles, cola drink cans, newspapers, rubber bags, books, broken bottles, magazines, fruit cans, plastic bags

ALUMINIUM BIN




PAPER BIN




GLASS BIN




PLASTIC BIN






Основное содержание урока:

  • 20 to 50 million tons of e-waste are disposed worldwide every year.

  • A large number of what is called "e-waste" is actually not waste at all. It is electronic equipment or parts that can be resold, reused or recycled for materials recovery.

  • Only 12.5% of e-waste is currently recycled.

  • Mobile phones and other electronic items contain high amounts of precious metals like gold or silver.

  • Every 1 million mobile phones that are recycled, can give 15,873 kg of copper, 347 kg of silver, 34 kg of gold, 13,2 kg of palladium.

  • It takes 239 kg of fossil fuel, 22 kg of chemicals, and 1,5 tons of water to manufacture one computer and monitor.




  • Electronic items that are considered to be hazardous include: televisions and computer monitors, LCD desktop monitors, LCD televisions, plasma televisions, portable DVD players with LCD screens.


Match the words and phrases with their translations

  1. dispose

  1. палладиум

  1. precious metals

  1. медь

  1. palladium

  1. ископаемое горючее

  1. fossil fuel

  1. уничтожать

  1. copper

  1. драгоценные металлы



Тренировочные упражнения


Упражнение 1

Fill in the gaps with: for, from, with, in, on, for

Few of us like mornings, apart …… during the weekend. …… theory, it should be a happy time, but …… many people it is the most stressful part of the day. Most of us are hastily getting ready for school or work. But you can always rely …… the Toaster Radio that will help start your day …… a smile! You can enjoy listening to your favourite radio show while you wait for your toasts to get ready!

Упражнение 2

Choose the right item.

1 Don’t call Richard tomorrow morning; he will be having/ is having/ will have a literature lesson.

2 Kelly will stop/is going to stop/stops playing her video game as soon as she hears her mum’s steps.

3 Can we watch the dance show when we are going/ go/ will go to the Carnival?

4 It’s not worth going to stadium now; the game will have started/will start/will be starting by the time we get there.



Упражнение 3

Match the words from the two columns.



  1. electric

  1. fuel

  1. used

  1. waste

  1. precious

  1. goods

  1. fossil

  1. materials

  1. electronic

  1. metals



Упражнение 4

Fill in the gaps with: by the time, as soon as, until, when, before.

1 I’d like to have a talk with you …… you go home.

2 Ted will have finished his chores …… his sister comes home.

3 I’ll send you the photos …… the Internet starts working again.

4 Don’t send out the invitations to the party …… we know for sure that the hall we want to book is available.

5 Sam will buy a new laptop …… he has saved enough money.

Упражнение 5

Give the definitions to the words and phrases.

precious metals




fossil fuel




e-waste




household






Упражнение 6

Find synonyms for the words waste, hazardous, dispose, precious. Synonyms: valuable, dangerous, rubbish, throw away, risky, junk, priceless, trash. For one word there can be several synonyms.

waste




hazardous




dispose




precious






Упражнение 7

Fill in the gaps with: out, out of, into, up, down

1. When I was in a bank, a robber broke …… and made the cashier give all the money.

2. My grandparents were traveling around Spain when the war broke …….

3. I can’t live without a tablet though it’s constantly breaking …….

4. Michael dreams of breaking …… a monotonous life of an office clerk.

5. After the business trip we broke …… forever.


Упражнение 8

Put the verbs in brackets in Future Simple, Present Simple, Future Continuous, Future Perfect or use with the construction be going to and complete the sentences.

1 This time next week we (enjoy) …… ourselves at the Mardi Gras Carnival.

2 The train to Cardiff (leave) …… at 7:00 pm.

3 I (go) …… to the Museum of Contemporary Art tomorrow. Do you want to join me?

4 Don’t worry, Jason (fix) …… your printer by the end of the day.

5 Be careful! You (spill) …… tea on the keyboard!

6 You can’t carry all these bags yourself. I (take) …… some of them off your hands.



Контрольные задания
Вариант 1

Задание 1

Fill in the gaps with: recycling, waste, recycled, copper, hazardous

1. The city yearly produce 20 million tons of …… .

2. It was a …… adventure I’ll never forget.

3. My mum’s favourite coat is made of …… materials.

4. Sophie earns her living making stunning …… earrings.

5. Dan is an engineer at a …… plant.


Задание 2

Fill in the gaps with: out, out of, into, up, down

1. The fire broke …… when Kevin was walking the dog.

2. My laptop has broken …… again, I have to buy a new one.

3. Last winter somebody broke …… our country house and stole the plasma TV.

4. Don’t ask Mary about George – they broke …… last week.

5. I have to break …… this ambiguous situation myself.


Задание 3

Read the text and fill in the gaps transforming the capitalized words.



Tips for (1) ……

1. Plastic (2) …… bags are often used once and thrown away, but that bag can be used for future groceries or as a garbage bag.



2. Batteries are filled with (3) …… materials that are (4) …… for the environment, so go green and buy (5) …… batteries. There are also special companies that will collect your old batteries and recycle them (6) …… .

3. Support (7) eco- …… companies by buying products made from (8) …… material – this could be anything from pencils and paper to wallets and (9) ……!

1 RECYCLE

2 SHOP


3 HAZARD

4 DANGER

5 RECHARGE

6 SAFE

7 FRIEND

8 RECYCLE

9 CLOTH




Вариант 2

Задание 1

Fill in the gaps with: recycling, waste, recycled, silver, hazardous

1. 20 million tons of …… are yearly produced in this city.

2. Our …… trip was finally finished and we were safe and sound.

3. Janis only buys clothes made of …… materials.

4. Sophie earns her living making stunning …… rings.

5. Tracy works at a …… plant.


Задание 2

Fill in the gaps with: out, out of, into, up, down

1. My mobile phone has broken …… again, I have to buy a new one.

2. I have to break …… this difficult situation myself.

3. Don’t ask Mary about George – they broke …… last week.

4. The fire broke …… when Melanie was walking the dog.



5. Last winter somebody broke …… our country house and stole the plasma TV.

Задание 3

Read the text and fill in the gaps transforming the capitalized words.



Tips for (1) ……

1. Batteries are filled with (2) …… materials that are (3) …… for the environment, so go green and buy (4) …… batteries. There are also special companies that will collect your old batteries and recycle them (5) …… .

2. Old sheets, towels and (6) …… can be donated to charities or to an animal shelter as bedding and (7) …… materials.

3. Support (8) eco- …… companies by buying products made from (9) …… material – this could be anything from pencils and paper to wallets and clothing!

1 RECYCLE

2 HAZARD

3 DANGER

4 RECHARGE

5 SAFE

6 CLOTH

7 CLEAN

8 FRIEND

9 RECYCLE






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