Exercise 9. Use the Infinitive and/or the Participle to rewrite this extract from a TV listings magazine in a more natural way. The parts you need to change are underlined. You may need to change the order of some words. The first phrase has been done for you. Movie of the Week.
It dates from 1971 and was directed by Francis Ford Coppola, the Godfather won three Oscars.
Dating from 1971…
The film lasts almost three hours and is Shakespearean in its scope and ambition. It is the story of a New York mafia family which is headed by MarlonBrando as “the Godfather”. Although Brando has the title role it is Al Pacino, who plays his troubled son and heir Michael, who steals the show in a masterly performance. As he struggles to reconcile his distaste for crime and brutality with his sense of family honour and duty, Pacino’s character embodies the moral dilemma at the heart of the movie.
The director intersperses long scenes of family life with shorter sequences of extreme ride.
Because it was short in explicit detail, this violence may shock some viewers. But anyone who is prepared to put with this will enjoy a unique dramatic experience. In fact, for many people the Godfather is the greatest American film which had been made in the 1970s.
A Participle is considered to belong to the noun or pronoun that immediately precedes it.
The boy climbing the tree to get bird’s eggs, had a bad fall.
Sometimes this principle is disregarded and confusion results:
Climbing down the tree, one of the eggs broke.
This word order makes it appear that the egg was climbing, which is nonsense. A Participle linked in this way to the wrong noun/pronoun is said to be misrelated. The sentence should be rewritten:
Climbing down the tree he broke one of the eggs.
As he was climbing down the tree one of the eggs broke
Exercise 10. Correct the sentences. Sometimes only a change of order is required.
Running down the street, the envelope fell out of my hand.
Driving along the road, a car pulled out in front of me.
Answering the phone and making a toast, the toast burnt.
Looking out of the window of our hotel room, there were lots of mountains.
I saw my friend mount his horse sitting in an armchair near my window.
Wondering where to go, an advertisement caught my eye.
Waiting for a bus a brick fell on my head.
Walking through the park, the flowers looked beautiful.
Running into the room, a rug caught her foot and she fell.
Opening the cupboard, a skeleton fell out.
Exercise 11. Translate into English.
Спроси об этом у ребят, играющих во дворе.
Ребята, играющие во дворе, хорошо знают правила.
Человек, игравший в шахматы, не обратил на нас никакого внимания.
Когда мы вошли, человек, игравший на пианино, остановился.
Exercise 4. Choose the correct word. 1. The football match was quite exciting/excited.
2. It’s sometimes embarrassing/embarrassed when you have to ask people for money.
3. I’m fascinating/fascinated by Stephen King’s novels.
4. The film was disappointing/disappointed. I expected it to be much better.
5. I have never expected to get the job. I was really amazing/amazed when I was offered it.
6. Why do you always look so boring/bored? Is your life really so boring/bored?
7. I’ve always been interesting/interested in wild life, especially birds.
8. My exam results were rather disappointing/disappointed. I’ve got terrifying/terrified experience.
10. You look confusing/confused. Haven’t you understood what I’m talking about?
Exercise 5. Translate what is given in brackets using Participle I or Participle II as an attribute. 1. Larry refused the drink (предложенного) to him.
2. I’ve heard something about the research (проводимом) in this laboratory.
3. We came up to the man (стоявшему) at the corner and asked him the way.
4. The man (стоящий) at the timetable was our English teacher last year.
5. He inquired about the films (показывающихся) in the club at the time.
6. She decided to taste the meat pie (купленный) at the baker’s.
7. The people (ожидающие) for the doctor have been sitting here for a long time.
8. Suddenly I heard a sound of a key (поворачиваемого) in the lock.
9. What is the number of apartment houses (построенных) in the past few years?
10. The problem (поднятая) in the novel leaves nobody cold.
Exercise 6. Translate the following sentences into English using Participle I or Participle II. 1. Понравилась ли вам статья, написанная Джоном?
2. При изучении вопроса такого рода надо быть очень внимательным.
3. Не зная этого правила, я не могу сделать этого упражнения.
4. Когда меня впустили в комнату, я увидел там всех своих друзей.
5. Как вам нравится книга, которую сейчас обсуждают?
6. Не чувствуя себя виноватым, он отказался извиниться перед нами.
7. Окружив противника, мы заставили его сдаться.
8. Окруженные противником, мы не собирались сдаваться.
9. Он смотрел на меня так, как будто видит в первый раз.
10. Прибыв за два дня до открытия конференции, они успели осмотреть город.
Exercise 7. Translate into English using the pattern “to have smth done”. 1. Мне нужно запломбировать два зуба.
2. Мне покрасили эту дверь только на прошлой неделе. Вам нравится цвет?
3. Мне нужно сфотографироваться.
4. Я не понимаю по-немецки, поэтому все документы для меня переводят.
5. Нам уже починили телефон.
6. Мы отремонтировали квартиру до того, как уехали на юг.
7. Пора бы нам уже покрасить двери и окна в квартире. Мы их не красили года четыре.
8. Мне бы хотелось, чтобы доклад был напечатан к среде.
Exercise 1. Note the objective with the Infinitive and the verbs it is used after. 1. There’s some information I want you to obtain.
2. He liked to see them work.
3. Let’s get to the point.
4. Oh, Jack, you made me start.
5. I don’t want them to say anything to me.
6. James watched her go.
7. She gave a meaningful sigh, which made him drive all the faster.
8. I was dusting the saloon, and I saw him pass, and his face was white.
9. Lawson nodded quickly and walked away. Philip felt a shiver pass his heart.
10. He saw the pain come into Lawson’s eyes.
11. After a ten-minute wait I watched the train pull out.
12. I wanted us to be married at once, but she was quite firm that she wouldn’t.
13. Jennie was intensely sorry. She had never heard Lester complain before.
Exercise 2. Transform the following sentences into sentences with Complex Object.
I still consider they are right – I still consider them to be right.
1. He saw that the woman turned the corner.
2. I believe they are very good at physics and other pure sciences.
3. The judge ordered that the prisoner should be remanded.
4. They required that the guests should arrive at 8 a.m.
Exercise 3. State the syntactic functions of the for-to-Infinitive construction. 1. On the first occasion it was necessary for him to indicate his requirements to her.
2. The top of this was covered with a thin layer of soil and coarse grass and shaded with young trees. There was not enough soil for them to grow to any height.
3. He waited impatiently for Eliza to go on.
4. There is nothing for you to do it now.
6. She spread jam for him and cut up the bread and butter into convenient slices for the child to eat.
7. It is possible for any man to disregard others entirely.
8. In a minute it would be fitting for me to take my leave.
9. They were grouped about the mother, waiting for something to happen.
10. My friend motioned for him to come in.
Exercise 4. Note the subjective Infinitive construction and the verb it is used after. 1. He was seen to cross the street and turn round the corner.
2. She was reported to have been very faithful to her friends. She knew everybody she wished to know and everybody was pleased to know her.
3. When he recovered he was allowed to ski every Sunday.
4. Her retirement was rather a tragedy, she was forced to retire before time.
5. His pockets turned out to contain nothing except a packet of Turkish cigarettes, which he usually smoked.
6. He happened to be her brother-in-law.
7. He proved to be their devoted friend.
8. He seemed to know her thoughts.
9. At any moment the boys were likely to be away.
10. She was heard to breathe heavily.
11. He was made to eat a Chester cake and was spoken to in a slightly more Edinburgh way than usual.
12. He always appeared to be so helpful on the committees, so considerate.
13. Children appear to go through definite stages as they develop.
14. He seemed to be wondering whether much anxiety of mind had affected his eyesight.
15. After that Tommy was forced to admit the prospect looked dreary.
Exercise 5. Turn the following sentences into sentences with Complex Subject.
It seems that he is not in the habit of coming in time. – He seems not to be in the habit of coming in time.
1. It seemed to him that his father was inclined to be patient with him.
2. It was felt that she was perfectly capable of taking care of herself.
3. It is believed that his advice was ignored.
4. They say that he is honest.
5. A group of people at the gangway saw that the boat came into the harbour.
Exercise 6. Complete the following sentences, using the Infinitive and complexes with the Infinitive. 1. I think I should warn you that it is not very prudent…
2. They had the gift…
3. I say that certain things are to be done, but I don’t order anybody…
4. The train was seen…
5. He said somebody was supposed…
6. She has arranged everything for…
7. It is unusual for a person…
8. The best thing for you …
9. I am very anxious for…
10. I shall never forget the tactful patience with which he persuaded her…
11. The translation proved too difficult for…
12. Many highly trained workers are expected…
Exercise 7. Translate the following sentences into English using complexes with the Infinitive. 1. Он не ожидал, что я так быстро уйду.