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Exercise 3. Read and translate the following sentences. Speak on the verbs with which Complex Subject is used



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Exercise 3. Read and translate the following sentences. Speak on the verbs with which Complex Subject is used.


  1. He suffered from dyspepsia, and he might often be sucking a tablet of pepsin. (Maugham)

  2. At times he was seen driving with her by people who knew him in a social and commercial way. (Dreiser)

  3. The old judge was found sitting grin and straight in his chair, waiting. (Twain)

  4. Martha was seen staring at the tree. (Lessing)

  5. The visitor was heard walking restlessly backwards and forwards. He was also heard talking to himself. (Hartley)

  6. She felt relieved not to be wearing them. (Steel)

  7. He knew he was caught boasting.

  8. Ned was left sleeping upstairs.

  9. I was kept waiting an hour or so.

  10. Paul was found working in the garden.


Exercise 4. Turn the following sentences with the objective Participial construction into sentences with the Subjunctive Participial construction.

    • I saw his conducting the orchestra.

    • He was seen conducting the orchestra.




  1. They kept me waiting at the door for five minutes.

  2. They found the door locked and the house deserted.

  3. We saw the players scoring a goal on TV.

  4. I heard Mary singing in the garden.

  5. We watched them walking down the street.

  6. We found the driver repairing the car.

  7. I hope she hasn’t noticed me leaving the house so late.

  8. Whom do you consider responsible for the accident?

  9. We left the dinner untouched.

  10. I heard the boys shouting to the driver.

  11. He left us waiting for the bus.

  12. We heard a typewriter clattering in the next room.

  13. We caught the cat stealing meat.

  14. I saw the man climbing the ladder.

  15. We saw him exchanging glances with that man.

  16. She heard the baby crying in her pram.


Exercise 5. Translate the following sentences using the Subjunctive Participial construction.


  1. Каждый день его можно было видеть за работой в саду.

  2. Можно было слышать, как Джон поет в соседней комнате.

  3. Сейф нашли запертым.

  4. Чемодан в последний раз видели стоящим в коридоре.

  5. Джейн оставили играющей на пляже с друзьями.

  6. Его нельзя считать ответственным за то, что случилось.

  7. Иногда слышно было, как они смеются в своей комнате.

  8. Меня заставили долго ждать.

  9. В последний раз его видели занимающимся в читальном зале.

  10. Слышали, как Рон говорил, что очень сожалеет о случившемся.

  11. Ночью слышали, как собака лаяла в саду.

  12. Собаку нашли привязанной к дереву.

  13. Было слышно, как они беседуют друг с другом.

  14. Видели, как Роберт разговаривал с незнакомой девушкой.


Exercise 6. Transform the following sentences so as to use the nominative absolute Participial construction.

    • When the door bell rang Ann rose and left the room. – The door bell ringing Ann rose and left the room.




  1. As the complications had ensued, recovery was impossible.

  2. She put some order into the drawing-room as her housewifely instincts had got the better of her sorrow.

  3. She said it in a low voice and spasm of pain crossed her face.

  4. When the message was finished Evie brought Julia a cup of tea.

  5. When a fortnight of his notice to Mrs.Page had expired, Andrew really began to worry.

  6. The rain showed no sign of stopping, with umbrellas and waterproofs they set out.

  7. After she had gone, he got to thinking the matter over.

  8. As the river had risen in the night, the crossing was impossible.

  9. It was dark, as the sun had set an hour before.


Exercise 7. Point out the Nominative Absolute Participial construction and state its syntactic function.


  1. He is kneeling at the bed, his head bowed. (Sanders)

  2. There are three Secret Service agents standing outside the main house, hands thrust into their overcoat pockets. (Sanders)

  3. The chief of Stuff is leaning forward, elbows on his desk, head clamped between his palms. (Sanders)

  4. Now the Boss wants to have a prayer breakfast in the White House with Brother Kristos conducting the service. (Sanders)

  5. He sits in silence a moment, the others waiting breathlessly. (Grisham)

  6. Five tables, each seating six, are set in the East Room of the White House. (Sanders)

  7. Kristos leaves by the rear door, the pale hound slinking along at his heels. (Sanders)

  8. He is out in the barren field behind the barn, on his knees, head bowed, hands clasped. (Sanders)

  9. He receives so many toys from well-wishers that regular deliveries of the overflow are made to orphanages and children’s hospitals in the Washington area – with George making the presentations personally. (Sanders)

  10. He looks at her, his face twisted. (Sanders)

  11. Not classically handsome, but with a strong appeal, his skin weathered and creased, lips full. (Sanders)

  12. Perhaps you could appear on television and explain it in your own words. Show breadlines and soup kitchens, with lines of good people waiting for a handout from strangers, their pride conquered by their hunger. (Sanders)

  13. There were always visitors, of course, at Thanksgiving or Christmas, visitors bringing their hams and chickens and pies to add to ours. (Baldwin)

  14. The last thing she wanted was to spend evening with Zina commiserating. (Steel)

  15. Jessica jumped, the sketch pad flying from her hands. (Steel)

  16. She walked slowly along the walk and it began to walk toward her too, the smile on his face spreading further, and then suddenly finally, at last, she was in his arms. (Steel)

  17. He’d passed a State Trooper ten miles back, but the car had rushed past him, lights flashing, probably on the way to an accident somewhere. (Clark)

  18. It was exhausting to reach with the snow turning icy, but slipping and sliding, he made the climb. (Clark)

  19. She had run out of breath, her navy-blue eyes snapping, her white-blond hair flying around her face (Clark)

  20. Ruth set down the wineglass, her face transfigured. (Clark)

  21. Denny hurried by, his head buried in his neck. (Clark)

  22. Seamus sank into a chair, his body trembling, bile rising in his throat, his head in his hands. (Clark)


Exercise 8. Bill Brown was arrested for stealing a car. Here are some of his answers to questions during his trial. Report what he said with the verbs given + Participle or Gerund. Verbal complexes are supposed to be used too. Which of the sentences could be used with Non-Perfect/Perfect Participle with little difference in meaning.

  • consider, deny, notice, recall, regret

  • Yes, I was certainly in town around midnight – He admitted being in town around midnight.

I saw two men looking into all the parked cars… now you mention it, I think I did hear a car being driven away… I didn’t think about telling the police… I certainly didn’t steal the car… I wish I hadn’t gone out that night!



Exercise 9. Translate into English using Participles or Participial constructions.


  1. Она сидела и наблюдала, как люди спешат на работу.

  2. Она пошла домой, оставив своих друзей танцевать и развлекаться.

  3. Услышав это, он начал смеяться.

  4. Я видел, как их машину остановил полицейский.

  5. Я считаю проблему решенной.

  6. Я не хочу, чтобы для него что-либо делали.

  7. Участники конференции обсуждали доклад, а корреспондент время от времени делал заметки в записной книжке.

  8. После того, как обсудили доклад, председатель объявил перерыв.

  9. Врач, пользовавшийся этим методом, сделал интересный доклад.

  10. Так как она была очень доброй, она всегда помогала всем.

  11. Имя человека, написавшего эту книгу, неизвестно.

  12. Он нашел ее на платформе в ожидании поезда.

  13. Эти пожилые люди живут внизу, и иногда слышно, как они о чем-то разговаривают

  14. Он молчал, ожидая, когда мальчики уйдут из комнаты.

  15. Если позволит погода, мы поедем кататься на лыжах.

  16. Мальчик, который сидел на стуле в саду, ушел домой.

  17. Им было нужно, чтобы дело было улажено как можно быстрее.

  18. Будучи исправленными, наши ошибки больше не повторялись.

  19. После того, как ее пригласили и она приняла приглашение, она уже не могла не пойти туда.

  20. Приглашая их в гости, она еще не знала, что ей придется скоро уехать.




Exercise 1. State the function of complexes with the Gerund.


  1. I began to be worried about Jerry coming back. (Browen)

  2. I never heard of him getting a winter job. (Sanders)

  3. What can be the possible use of Larry’s learning dead languages? (Maugham)

  4. Jane bit her lip till the blood came, and walked back to her seat without another word, but she couldn’t help the tears of rage rolling down her face. (Galsworthy)

  5. He had called there three times now without her being able to see him. (Galsworthy)

  6. I hate the idea of Larry making such a mess of his life. (Maugham)

  7. Do you think there is much chance of one seeing him again? (Christie)

  8. I was used to people being angry with me and made it a point of honour not mind. (Hartley)

  9. She was being observed, and by someone who resented her being there. (Lessing)

  10. Later, in the night, I was awakened by the sound of someone moving softly about the room. (Christie)


Exercise 2. Transform the following sentences so as to use complexes with the Gerund.


  1. She suggested that Philip should pass himself off her brother.

  2. My friend insisted that I should stay at his place.

  3. She remembered that Charles had once said to her that the origin of poetry was emotion.

  4. Do you mind if I take your dictionary?

  5. She had no idea that he was good at mathematics.

  6. I was annoyed because they shouted so loud.

  7. Do you think father would mind if we go to the park now?


Exercise 3. Use the Objective-with-the-Participle or a Gerundial construction or both. Remember that after verbs dislike, excuse, fancy, forgive, imagine, like, love, mind, miss, present and approve we can use either of the constructions. No genitive case of the noun is used if a secondary subject is not a person unless we personalize it.

  • He is often late. I don’t mind ___ late (him, his, he) – I don’t mind him/his being late.




  1. I don’t want to catch ___ over my fence again. (him, his, climb)

  2. I like to watch ___. It’s such a rare sight. (you, your, work)

  3. Listen to those kids! Fancy ___ able to speak Spanish as well as that. (them, their, be)

  4. I can’t imagine ___ of what you’re doing. (your mother/your mother’s, approve)

  5. Don’t say that! You’ll start ___ again. (him, his, complain)

  6. We discovered ___ the chocolate under their beds. (the children, the children’s, hide)

  7. The plan envisages ___ Director next year. (Tony, Tony’s, become)

  8. If the authorities catch ___ the rules, the punishment is severe. (anyone, anyone’s, break)

  9. I disapproved of ___ in the house. (him, his, smoke)

  10. I could imagine ___ its annual inspection. (the car, the car’s fail)

  11. We objected to ___ a petrol station in our road. (the company, the company’s, build).

  12. It amuses me to think of ___ at a desk in a suit and tie. (him, his, sit)

  13. Everybody welcomes ___ extra money at Christmas. (pensioners, pensioners’, give)

  14. Everyone’s future depends on ___ about the ozone layer. (the whole world, the whole world’s, concern)




Exercise 1. Use the proper form of the non-finite verb.


  1. I had sat in the darkness, (to curse and to cry), my tears (to fall) like a curtain between my brother and myself. (Baldwin)

  2. She liked the way he bent his head forward (to listen) to the elderly editor who was speaking to him and then turned to someone else (not to seem) abrupt. (Baldwin)

  3. She had room (to grow) in, and (to collect) new things.

  4. I seemed (to hang) in the middle of the hostile air, ready for the mortal fall, with only the frail white hand of a frail white woman (to hold) me up. (Baldwin)

  5. One runs the risk of (to look) ridiculous, especially if the child is with his mother. (Baldwin)

  6. And then I reached the avenue, and turned still (not to look back), and was released from those eyes at least, but now faced other eyes, eyes (to come) toward me. (Baldwin)

  7. Nothing (to lock), we soon gave up any such attempt, and formed the habit of (climb) in and out of each other’s windows, (to walk) through each other’s doors.

  8. (to spend) four years in personnel management, I feel well qualified for the job. (Guterson).

  9. I remember (to see) her (to come) on board only a few minutes before the boat sailed.

  10. But the major listens (not to interrupt), (to smile), (to nod), apparently delighted (to learn) this trivia. (Sanders)

  11. So he tells Marchuk the whole story, (not to omit) Trent’s suggestion to him (to leak) the details to his friend on the Times. (Sanders)

  12. He stands a moment, (not to move), then goes into the bedroom. (Sanders)

  13. He stayed with the carnival for almost ten years, (to sign up) early in the spring and (to leave) late in the fall. (Sanders)

  14. “Thank you for (to come) on such short notice,” he says. (Sanders)

  15. “You may find this difficult (to believe) but I have absolutely no interest in wealth. (Sanders)

  16. (to bounce) on the rough springs of the taxi seat (to move) swiftly along the foreign streets she didn’t know exactly what she wished (to communicate) to her son.

  17. Clumsily, (to feel) more awkward than she had felt since she was a young girl, Lucy picked up her bag and her gloves and (to leave) Tony (to stand) in the middle of the room, (to look) tired and coldly amused. (Shaw)

  18. He stopped, when he saw Lucy, and looked, puzzled, politely, (not to recognize) her for a moment, from her to Dora. (Shaw)

  19. For a moment, he stood in silence, (to seem) (to study) his son, puzzled, intense, (to love) as though (to search) for some minute, (to hide) secret in the soft pleased (to welcome) child’s face. (Shaw)

  20. (to run) into the hall she opened the door to her father’s room. (Fitzgerald)


Exercise 2. Comment on verbal complexes.


  1. In a minute it would be fitting for me to take my leave. (Maugham)

  2. They were grouped about the mother, waiting for something to happen. (White)

  3. Then I heard water flushing, heard water running, heard him come out. (Baldwin)

  4. The sound of this movement, which made me think of pebbles being overturned, great boulders being carried, logs crashing against each other, filled all the night air and seemed very far away. (Baldwin)

  5. At the window next to hers, sits a very old lady, in profile, with a strong Indian nose, head thrown back, eyes closed; and at the window below this sits a boy of eight or nine, his chin on the window-sill, his fists covering his ears, his eyes very wide and black. (Baldwin)

  6. He lay there with his arms stretched out in front of him on the ground. (Baldwin)

  7. I remember the way she looked that morning, her hair curling over the pillow, one thin hand clutching the blanket, as though she sensed departure. (Baldwin)

  8. Then he felt an arm supporting him, the feeling of being lowered onto a bed. (Clark)

  9. Neeve could still visualize Renata shaking her head so as an overeager designer tried to persuade her to change her mind about an outfit. (Clark)

  10. “Good afternoon, mademoiselle,” Jessica jumped, the sketch pad flying from her hands. (Steel)

  11. She felt relieved not to be wearing them. (Steel)

  12. Barbara’s face did not change, her grip never relaxed. (Baldwin)

  13. Therefore, his hand was often up against the side of my head, and my tears caused him to be punished many times. (Baldwin)

  14. On the contrary, his impulse was to make them feel that his home was theirs. (Baldwin)

  15. And this was not easy, since I didn’t after all, want everyone in the neighbourhood to know that I was loitering to take me in, exactly like an orphan. (Baldwin)

  16. The midterm elections are already heating up, and I tell you this blunder makes me weep for the future of our party. (Sanders)

  17. That’s the way John Tollinger feels, an empty whiskey glass gripped in his fingers, staring upward and seeing Brother Kristos floating above him. (Sanders)

  18. “Well, since you got that newspaper story we’ve had a lot of people coming around asking when you’re going to preach.” (Sanders)

  19. But it does bother me that I have to spend so much of my time dealing with events beyond my control. (Sanders)

  20. “Supposing Hawkins decides to push this and gets on the tube with pictures of people sleeping on subways grates and shuttering along in bread lines.” (Sanders)

  21. I still don’t think it would be wise for you to oppose it. (Sanders)

  22. They meet in Mrs. Mattingly’s sitting room, with Brother Kristos seated in the largest armchair, regarding the others with his implacable stare. (Sanders)

  23. Inside the back room, the preacher is standing, one hand propped on the wooden table. (Sanders)

  24. The baby was found sitting on the floor.

  25. The girl was heard singing.

  26. I was kept waiting an hour or so.

  27. The boy was caught teasing the cat.

  28. He was seen surrounded by a group of newsmen.






  1. Baldwin J. Tell Me Now How Long the Train’s been Gone. –New York, 1969

  2. Browen E. The House in Paris. –London, 1983

  3. Clark M. Higgins. While My Pretty One Sleeps. –New York, 1989

  4. Cornwell P. All That Remains. –New York, 1993

  5. Grisham J. A Time to Kill. –New York, 1992

  6. Guterson D. East of the Mountains. –London, 1999

  7. Lawrence David M. Lady Chatterley’s Lover. – Moscow, 2003

  8. Roberts N. Carolina Moon. –New York, 2000

  9. Sanders L. Capital Crimes. – New York, 1989

  10. Steel D. Now and Forever. –New York, 1987

  11. Alexander L.G. Longman Advanced Grammar. –Longman Group UK Limited, 1993

  12. Block M.J., Lebedeva A.Y., Denisova V.S. English Grammar Exercises. –Москва, 1985

  13. McCarthy M., Felicity O’Dell. English Vocabulary in Use. –Cambridge, 1995

  14. Foley M., Hall D. Longman Advanced Learners’ Grammar. –Pearson Education Limited, 2003

  15. Gordon E.M., Krylova I.P. A Grammar of Present Day English. –Moscow, 1980

  16. Hewings M. Advanced Grammar in Use. –Cambridge, 1999

  17. Krutikov Y.A и др. Exercises in Modern English Grammar. –Moscow, 1964

  18. Krylova I.P. An English Grammar Practice book. –Moscow, 1978

  19. Thomson A.J. and Martinet A.V. A Practical English Grammar Combined Exercised. V 1. –Oxford, 1979

  20. Лысенко О.Н. Exercises in English Grammar: The Participle. –Н.Новгород, 1999

  21. Туголукова Г.И., Голубева Л.К. и др. All about the Verbals. –Москва, 2004


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