"Love the animals, love the plants, love everything. If you love everything, you will perceive the divine mystery in things. Once you perceive it, you will begin to comprehend it better every day. And you will come at last to love the whole world with an all-embracing love."
~ Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Plants – grass, flowers, and trees – grow everywhere: high in the mountains, far out in the ocean and in many deserts and polar regions. There are over 350,000 species of plants. Some are so small, that we can see them only with a microscope; some are very large, such as the giant sequoia tree. Plants are very old living things. There are platans in Russia 2,000 years old.
1. Give the Russian equivalents to the following words: category, balance, nature, product, human, type, shampoo, camera film, fermented, fruit, panda, bamboo, cycle, form, organism, photosynthesis, energy, mineral, respiration, process, sequoia, complex, material, cellulose, skeleton, factor, temperature, area
2. Guess the meaning of the underlined words. Translate the sentences.
1) Trees produce oxygen. 2) The balance of ecology is very important for the life of the people. 3) All people get comfort and beauty from trees. 4) Trees give harmony to cities, towns and villages. 5) The tree transports minerals from the soil to the leaves. 6) In prehistoric times, Britain was well-covered with trees. 7) We can read about trees in very old legends. 8) Many thousand years ago man thought that there was a tree in the center of the Earth. 9) Trees protect the fields from wind and keep water and soil in them.
3. Translate the following word combinations: one of the major kingdoms of living things; to provide with shelter; to enhance with beauty; to help them thrive; fermented sugar cane; instead of gasoline; in many different ways; protection from predators; an endangered species; the shortage of food; to play the most important part; this is so because; to release energy from food; to maintain the earth’s natural balance; can barely be seen; to stand upright; without the aid of an internal or external skeleton 4. Match a word from list A with its definition in list B.
an animal which preys upon others
fall of rain, sleet, snow or hail
microscopic unit of living matter enclosing a nucleus with self-producing genes
condensed vapour on a surface
living organism which is not an animal
flowering plant’s unit of reproduction, from which another plant can grow