Учебно-методическое пособие по английскому языку для бакалавров и специалистов экологического факультета 2 этап обучения Краснодар 2011 г


Reading for Speaking and Discussing



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Reading for Speaking and Discussing

Read the text and express its central idea.



Plants

The category of plants is one of the major kingdoms of living things. Plants are important to us as they provide us with food, clothing, shelter, medicines, even the air we breathe! They also enhance the environment with their beauty and help other living creatures. Thus it is very important how we are informed about plants and how we can help them thrive.

Plants are important to the balance of nature. For animals and people, plants provide food, shelter, useful tools, and products.

Plants are very useful to humans. We eat many different types of plants. Some products are made from plants such as shampoos, rubber, paper and camera film. In some countries, fermented sugar cane is used instead of gasoline.

Animals use plants in many different ways. They eat many fruits and other plants. Many animals use plants for shelter. Plants also provide animals with protection from predators. The destruction of different plants sometimes leads to animals becoming endangered.

The panda is an endangered species that is partly because of the shortage of food. The panda can eat up to 40 pounds of bamboo each day. The panda is dying out because of the destruction and the dying of the bamboo forests.

Plants play the most important part in the cycle of nature. Without plants, there could be no life on Earth. They are the primary producers that sustain all other life forms. This is so because plants are the only organisms that can make their own food. Animals, incapable of making their own food, depend directly or indirectly on plants for their supply of food. All animals and the foods they eat can be traced back to plants.

The oxygen we breathe comes from plants. Through photosynthesis, plants take energy from the sun, carbon dioxide from the air, and water and minerals from the soil. They then give off water and oxygen. Animals and other non-producers take part in this cycle through respiration. Respiration is the process where oxygen is used by organisms to release energy from food, and carbon dioxide is given off. The cycles of photosynthesis and respiration help maintain the earth's natural balance of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water.

Leaves are the main food-making part of most plants. They capture energy from sunlight, and turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar and starch. This sugar and starch becomes the food that provides plants with energy to grow, to produce flowers and seeds, and carry on their other life processes.

Scientists believe there are over 260,000 species of plants. Some plants are so small they can barely be seen. Others are taller than people or animals. One of the largest living plants on the earth is the sequoia tree of California. Some stand over 290 feet (88 meters) high and measure over 30 feet (9 meters) wide.

Certain characteristics of plants set them apart from other living things. Both plants and animals are complex organisms that are made up of many types of cells, but plant cells have thick, rigid walls that consist of a material called cellulose. Animal cells do not have this material. The cellulose enables plants to stand upright without the aid of an internal or external skeleton.

A plant's environment is made up of many factors. One of the most important is the weather-sunlight, temperature, and precipitation (rain, melted snow, and other moisture). Soil and other plants and animals that live in the same area are also included in the environment of a plant. All these factors form what is called a natural community.


1. Grammar Revision. Find in the text and translate the sentences in which the predicate is:


  1. in Present Simple Active

  2. in Present Simple Passive


2. Answer the questions.


    1. Why are plants important to us?

    2. Why are plants important for animals?

    3. Plants play the most important part in the cycle of nature, don’t they? Why?

    4. Why is the cycle of photosynthesis so important for earth?

    5. What is the main food-making part of most plants? Why?

    6. What is the difference between plants and animals?

    7. What factors are the most important for plants?

    8. Could people live without plants? Why?


3. Ask your partner some more questions on the text.
4. Substitute the words in bold type for their synonyms. Translate the sentences.

supply, scarcity, protection, , threatened, sustain, elimination, catch, unable, differ, emit


  1. In addition to providing food crops, plants also release oxygen into the air.

  2. Plants provide the raw materials for making clothes, paper, perfumes, etc.

  3. For animals and people, plants provide shelter.

  4. The destruction of different plants sometimes leads to animals becoming endangered.

  5. Some animals are endangered because of the shortage of food

  6. The cycles of photosynthesis and respiration help maintain the earth's natural balance of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water.

  7. Leaves capture energy from sunlight, and turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar and starch.

  8. Certain characteristics of plants set them apart from other living things.

  9. Animals, incapable of making their own food, depend directly or indirectly on plants for their supply of food


5. Finish the sentences using the text.


  1. Plants are important to us as…

  2. They also enhance…

  3. We eat many…

  4. Animals use plants in…

  5. The destruction of different plants sometimes leads…

  6. Plants play the most important part in…

  7. Plants are the primary producers that…

  8. The oxygen we breathe…

  9. The cycles of photosynthesis and respiration help…

  10. Leaves are the main…

  11. Certain characteristics of plants set them apart…

  12. A plant's environment…


6. Translate.


  1. Растения важны для нас, т.к. дают нам еду, одежду, убежище, лекарства и даже воздух, которым мы дышим.

  2. Они наполняют окружающий мир красотой.

  3. Очень важно знать, как мы можем помочь растениям успешно расти.

  4. Растения очень полезны людям.

  5. Животные по-разному используют растения.

  6. Уничтожение растений иногда приводит к исчезновению животных.

  7. Растения – это единственные живые организмы, которые могут производить свою собственную еду.

  8. Посредством фотосинтеза растения берут энергию от солнца, углекислый газ из воздуха, минералы и воду из почвы.

  9. Циклы фотосинтеза и дыхания помогают сохранять баланс кислорода, углекислого газа и воды на Земле.

  10. Учёные полагают, что существует более 260000 видов растений.

  11. Погода является одним из самых важных факторов для растений.


7. Summarize the text “Plants”. Use the following beginnings:
The text reports on…

The text touches upon…

A careful account is given to…

It is reported that…

Much attention is given to…

The text points out that…

The text deals with the problem of…

The text provides information on…

The text defines the phenomenon of…

The text covers such points as…


8. Work in pairs. Discuss the facts from the text. Use the following expressions:


    • The fact that … was unknown to me.

    • I didn’t know that …

    • I know that …, and you?

    • Was the fact that … known to you?

    • Have you ever heard about the fact that …?

    • It was interesting to learn that…


Каталог: upload -> iblock -> dcc
iblock -> Часы-смартфон
iblock -> Руководство пользователя для телефона Apple iPhone 6
iblock -> Руководство по эксплуатации Методика калибровки Технические характеристики. Минимальный радиус кривизны поверхностей контролируемых изделий, 6мм
iblock -> Технические требования
iblock -> Технологические карты
iblock -> Оптимизация процесса восстановления измененных и уничтоженных маркировочных обозначений на блоках двигателей транспортных средств
iblock -> Инструкция по эксплуатации Температурный gsm извещатель Grinson T7 Благодарим Вас за выбор температурного gsm извещателя Grinson T7
dcc -> Выкуп ценных бумаг – проблемы и решения


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