Учебно-методическое пособие по английскому языку для бакалавров и специалистов экологического факультета 2 этап обучения Краснодар 2011 г



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Warm up

When you think of living things, you probably think first of animals. Animals have their own Kingdom, Animalia, which has its own scientific classification.



Animals are creatures with whom we share the Earth. They live everywhere: in forest, desert, savanna, meadows, mountains and even at our homes. The animal kingdom is huge. It contains more than a million species. Most are small - much smaller than your eyes can see. But a few, like elephants and whales, are giants. All animals have one thing in common. They cannot make food. They need to eat plants or other animals to survive. Animals include everything from ants, spiders, and worms to fish, lizards, bears, dogs, birds, cats, and humans.


    • Do you like animals?

    • Do you have a pet at home?

    • What does your pet provide you with?

    • Do you like to watch films and shows about animals?

    • Are you well informed about the life of wild animals?

    • Why do people need to be informed about animals?



Vocabulary





      1. hunt охотиться

      2. alga (algae) морская водоросль (водоросли)

      3. feed (fed, fed) питать(ся), кормить(ся)

      4. digest переваривать, усваивать

      5. chamber камера

      6. fungus (fungi) гриб (грибы)

      7. lack не иметь, не хватать

      8. tame приручать

      9. rear выращивать

      10. breed (bred, bred) 1.порода 2.выводить, разводить (животных)

      11. skills умения, навыки

      12. wild ancestors дикие предки

      13. blind слепой

      14. herd of sheep стадо овец

      15. sniff out вынюхивать

      16. drugs наркотики

      17. explosives взрывчатые вещества

      18. track down выслеживать

      19. cruel жестокий

      20. cures лекарства

      21. increase возрастать, увеличивать

      22. involve altering затрагивать изменение

      23. genetic makeup генетическая структура

      24. emphasis акцент, значение

      25. adult взрослый

      26. budgerigar австралийский попугай

      27. affection привязанность, любовь

      28. in return (for) в обмен (на)

      29. suffer страдать

      30. habitat среда обитания, естественная среда

      31. walrus морж

      32. rattlesnake гремучая змея

      33. abundance изобилие, богатство



Word Study



1. Give the Russian equivalents to the following words:
population, human, civilization, to train, specially, llama, distance, tractor, intelligent, to guide, to control, police, criminal, laboratory, to test, medicines, genetic, producing, clone, identical, public, to conserve, category, characteristics, to separate, bacteria, barakuda, eukaryotic, heterotrophic
2. Guess the meaning of the underlined words. Translate the sentences.
1) Breeding farm animals is done under human management and control. 2) Animal can work as assistants in various human activities. 3) The tractor has now replaced the cattle that supplied most of the farm draft power.4) Great physical changes have taken place in domesticated animals.5) Using selection, much experience has been gained. 6) Now domesticated animals differ considerably from their wild forms. 7) People cannot live without producing food. 8) Satisfying the people of the country with food products is the main task today. 9) The new method of improving this old breed of cows has been discussed at the conference.
3. Translate the following word combinations:
to tame wild animals; to breed animals; the process of domestication; to rear animals for food; many breeds of dogs; to look different from wild ancestors; to be particularly intelligent; to sniff out drugs; to guide blind people, to help find cures, certain diseases, the genetic makeup of animals; to place the emphasis (on); to conserve wild animals; in return for food and shelter; to suffer from stress; several characteristics; to feed directly or indirectly on other living things; in every kind of terrain and every kind of climate

4. Match a word from list A with its definition in list B.

A

B

  1. tame

  2. breed




  1. rear

  2. ancestor




  1. in return (for)




  1. affection

  2. suffer




  1. conserve

  2. digest

  3. habitat

  1. bring up, cause or help to grow

  2. keep from change, loss or destruction

  3. feel or have pain

  4. kindly feeling, love

  5. any one of those persons from whom one is descended

  6. keep animals for the purpose of producing young, especially by selection of parents

  7. as repayment (for)

  8. change in the stomach and bowels, so that it can be used in the body

  9. bring up an animal under control of human beings

  10. usual natural place and conditions of growth


5. Place the appropriate word from the list in each of the blanks below:

blind, hunted, distinguished, adults, to tame, digest, sniff out, to rear, suffer, wild ancestors, skills, behaviour, habitat


  1. Animals generally … food in an internal chamber.

  2. Animals are also … from plants, algae, and fungi by lacking cell walls.

  3. Since the earliest times, people have … wild animals.

  4. The first farmers began … wild animals.

  5. People continued … animals for food and clothing.

  6. Many dogs look different from their …

  7. Many animals are trained to work for people because of their ...

  8. Dogs can be taught to guide … people.

  9. Some breeds of dogs can easily … drugs or explosives.

  10. Zoos allow people to learn about animal ...

  11. Many … and children keep animals as pets.

  12. People with pets … less from stress.

  13. An animal's living place is called its …




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