The Earth is about 4,6 billion years old. Modern man has lived on Earth for only 35,000 years but, in that time, we have changed our planet in many ways. Many of the things are good, but many are not. We have upset nature’s equilibrium emitting toxic gases into the atmosphere, dumping toxic wastes into rivers and oceans and turning our countryside into the dump.
It’s you and I who are to blame for the state of the Earth. No question about it. It’s our life-style that is threatening life on Earth, so we must make the changes. The good news is that many of those changes are really quite simple but for every step we take as individuals, we must press government and industry to take a giant leap on our behalf. And we must start now; tomorrow will be too late.
1. Give the Russian equivalents to the following words:
dramatic, individual, variation, climate, materials, result, temperature, atmosphere, to reflect, ocean, polar, to start, to mix, cycle, protection, ultraviolet, activities, to limit, technology, exploitation, uncultivated, erosion
2. Guess the meaning of the underlined words. Translate the sentences.
1) Extinction of wildlife might destroy the balance of ecosystem. 2) Maintaining constanttemperature is highly important for the experiment. 3) According to some specialists the world’s fresh water resources may become exhausted. 4) Plants and animals are organic nature. 5) The cycle of nature links plants and animals. 6) Plants play a very important part in conservation and protection of soil and water. 7) Ozone plays a key role in the temperaturestructure of the Earth’s atmosphere. 8) The problem of acid rain has become a challenge to aquatic ecosystems. 9) Air pollution is the presence of any chemical, physical or biologicalagent that modifies the atmosphere.
3. Translate the following word combinations:
the rapid rise; the corresponding demand for resources; a dramatic impact; holes in the ozone layer; to affect the whole planet; habitat destruction; individual species; over millions of years; long-term variation in climate; harmful materials; to release into the environment; human activities; world temperatures; so called; the buildup of gases; water vapour in the atmosphere; to escape into the outer atmosphere; poisonous gases from power stations; moisture in the air; to reduce vehicle emissions; the Sun’s harmful rays; the growth of plants
4. Match the word from list A with its definition in list B.